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Distribution of respiratory droplets in enclosed environments under different air distribution methods

Gao, Naiping, Niu, Jianlei, & Morawska, Lidia (2008) Distribution of respiratory droplets in enclosed environments under different air distribution methods. Building Simulation, 1(4), pp. 326-335.

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Dispersion characteristics of respiratory droplets in indoor environments are of special interest in controlling transmission of airborne diseases. This study adopts an Eulerian method to investigate the spatial concentration distribution and temporal evolution of exhaled and sneezed/coughed droplets within the range of 1.0~10.0μm in an office room with three air distribution methods, i.e. mixing ventilation (MV), displacement ventilation (DV), and under-floor air distribution (UFAD). The diffusion, gravitational settling, and deposition mechanism of particulate matters are well accounted in the one-way coupling Eulerian approach. The simulation results find that exhaled droplets with diameters up to 10.0μm from normal respiration process are uniformly distributed in MV, while they are trapped in the breathing height by thermal stratifications in DV and UFAD, resulting in a high droplet concentration and a high exposure risk to other occupants. Sneezed/coughed droplets are diluted much slower in DV/UFAD than in MV. Low air speed in the breathing zone in DV/UFAD can lead to prolonged residence of droplets in the breathing zone.

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16 citations in Web of Science®
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100 since deposited on 12 Dec 2008
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ID Code: 16879
Item Type: Journal Article
Keywords: Air Distribution, Respiratory Droplets, Transmission, Airborne Disease
DOI: 10.1007/s12273-008-8328-0
ISSN: 1996-8744
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > EARTH SCIENCES (040000) > ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES (040100) > Atmospheric Aerosols (040101)
Divisions: Past > QUT Faculties & Divisions > Faculty of Science and Technology
Past > Schools > School of Physical & Chemical Sciences
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2008 Tsinghua Press, co-published with Springer
Copyright Statement: The original publication is available at SpringerLink http://www.springerlink.com
Deposited On: 12 Dec 2008 10:00
Last Modified: 11 Aug 2011 02:32

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