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Virtual reconstruction and morphological analysis of the cranium of an ancient Egyptian mummy

Hughes, Stephen W., Wright, Richard , & Barry, Mark D. (2005) Virtual reconstruction and morphological analysis of the cranium of an ancient Egyptian mummy. Australasian Physical and Engineering Sciences in Medicine, 28(2), pp. 122-127.

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Abstract

A mummy of an Egyptian priestess dating from the 22nd dynasty (c. 770 BC), completely enclosed in an anthropoid (human shaped) coffin, was scanned on a CT scanner. An accurate reconstruction of the cranium was generated from 115 × 2 mm CT images using AVS/Express on a SGI computer. Linear measurements were obtained from six orthogonal cranial views and used in a morphometric analysis software package (CRANID). The analyses carried out were both linear and nearest neighbour discriminant analysis. The results show that there is a 52.9% probability that the mummy is an Egyptian female, with a 24.5% probability that mummy is an African female. Thus the technique confirms that the coffin contains an Egyptian female, which is consistent with the inscription on the coffin and the shape of the pelvic bones as revealed by plain X-rays. These results show that this technique has potential for analysing forensic cases where the bones are obscured by soft tissue and clothing. This technique may have an application in virtual autopsies.

Impact and interest:

10 citations in Scopus
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ID Code: 16884
Item Type: Journal Article
Keywords: Egyptology, mummy, morphological analysis, descriminant analysis, CRANID, virtual autopsy, forensic medicine
ISSN: 0158-9938
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES (110000) > OTHER MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES (119900) > Medical and Health Sciences not elsewhere classified (119999)
Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > HISTORY AND ARCHAEOLOGY (210000) > ARCHAEOLOGY (210100) > Archaeological Science (210102)
Divisions: Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Division of Technology, Information and Learning Support
Past > QUT Faculties & Divisions > Faculty of Science and Technology
Current > Research Centres > High Performance Computing and Research Support
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2005 Australasian College of Physical Scientists and Engineers in Medicine
Copyright Statement: Reproduced in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher.
Deposited On: 12 Dec 2008 10:59
Last Modified: 29 Feb 2012 23:16

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