Using the University Student Depression Inventory to Investigate the Effect of Demographic Variables on Students’ Depression

Khawaja, Nigar G. & Duncanson, Krystle (2008) Using the University Student Depression Inventory to Investigate the Effect of Demographic Variables on Students’ Depression. Australian Journal of Guidance and Counselling, 18(2), pp. 1-15.

Accepted Version (PDF 164kB)
Author version.

View at publisher


Depression is a problem in the student population and may impact students of any age, gender and ethnicity. Previous studies have indicated student demographic characteristics are associated with depression; however, these studies have not utilised scales specifically designed to measure depression in the student population. The aim of the present study was to use the recently developed University Student Depression Inventory (USDI; N. G. Khawaja & K. J. Bryden, 2006) to examine the effect of demographic factors on student depression. Australian university students (N = 287) completed the USDI and a demographic form that measured student age, gender, ethnicity, year-level, faculty, enrolment status, relationship status, employment-status, satisfaction with their financial position and accommodation. A series of T-tests and One-way ANOVAs indicated depression was higher among females, students enrolled part-time, students working full-time, and those enrolled in the Faculty of Law. Students who were satisfied with their financial position and accommodation were significantly less depressed than those who were unsatisfied. The findings highlight the varying effect of different demographic factors on depression using the USDI. These findings are important for identifying and developing strategies to assist those student groups who may be at a greater risk of developing depression.

Impact and interest:

16 citations in Scopus
11 citations in Web of Science®
Search Google Scholar™

Citation counts are sourced monthly from Scopus and Web of Science® citation databases.

These databases contain citations from different subsets of available publications and different time periods and thus the citation count from each is usually different. Some works are not in either database and no count is displayed. Scopus includes citations from articles published in 1996 onwards, and Web of Science® generally from 1980 onwards.

Citations counts from the Google Scholar™ indexing service can be viewed at the linked Google Scholar™ search.

Full-text downloads:

3,101 since deposited on 16 Dec 2008
348 in the past twelve months

Full-text downloads displays the total number of times this work’s files (e.g., a PDF) have been downloaded from QUT ePrints as well as the number of downloads in the previous 365 days. The count includes downloads for all files if a work has more than one.

ID Code: 16929
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
Keywords: University Student Depression Inventory, HERN, Students, Depression
ISSN: 1037-2911
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > PSYCHOLOGY AND COGNITIVE SCIENCES (170000) > PSYCHOLOGY (170100) > Health Clinical and Counselling Psychology (170106)
Divisions: Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Faculty of Health
Current > Institutes > Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation
Current > Schools > School of Psychology & Counselling
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2008 Australian Academic Press
Copyright Statement: Reproduced in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher
Deposited On: 16 Dec 2008 04:49
Last Modified: 24 Feb 2015 06:03

Export: EndNote | Dublin Core | BibTeX

Repository Staff Only: item control page