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Lifts for emergency evacuation in apartment buildings

Sharma, Than Singh, He, Yaping, & Mahendran, Mahen (2008) Lifts for emergency evacuation in apartment buildings. In 9th International Symposium on Fire Safety Science, 21-26 September 2008, Karlsruhe, Germany. (In Press)

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Abstract

A research project was undertaken to investigate whether the lifts can be used as an alternate emergency evacuation route in apartment buildings. The important parameters in relation to the issues were divided into three categories: human behavioural response, fire hazards and lift operational mechanism. The parameters relating to human behavioural response were modelled and analysed as a stochastic process. The parameters relating to fire hazards were analysed using the concept of fire safety index while the parameters relating to operational mechanism were analysed using probabilistic models. An integrated approach of risk assessment was developed based on the Multi-Objectives Decision Analysis method. The results for lift and stair systems were compared and the feasibility of using lifts with design modifications was analysed. The outcome of the research has shown that lifts as an alternate evacuation facility with enhanced level of safety have potential to improve evacuation efficiency, particularly for aged and disabled persons. Partial evacuation using lifts with a protected lobby is possible. The risk involved in total evacuation using lifts with double protection is comparable with stair-alone evacuation.

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1 citations in Scopus
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ID Code: 17029
Item Type: Conference Paper
Keywords: apartment buildings, emergency evacuation, lifts, multi-objective decision analysis, risk assessment
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > BUILT ENVIRONMENT AND DESIGN (120000) > BUILDING (120200)
Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > ENGINEERING (090000) > OTHER ENGINEERING (099900)
Divisions: Past > QUT Faculties & Divisions > Faculty of Built Environment and Engineering
Past > Schools > School of Urban Development
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2008 [please consult the authors]
Deposited On: 19 Dec 2008 10:51
Last Modified: 29 Feb 2012 23:42

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