Attitudes and subjective norms: determinants of parents’ intentions to reduce childhood fever with medications
Walsh, Anne M., Edwards, Helen E., & Fraser, Jennifer A. (2009) Attitudes and subjective norms: determinants of parents’ intentions to reduce childhood fever with medications. Health Education Research, 24(3), pp. 531-545.
Fever is a natural protective response of the host organism. Mild to moderate fevers, up to 40.0ºC, have immunological benefits and do not need to be reduced. However, parents regularly reduce fever with medications to prevent perceived harmful outcomes. This study identified the determinants of parents’ intentions to reduce childhood fever with medications. A community-based crossectional survey was conducted with 391 Australian parents of children aged between 6-months and 5-years. Recruitment was through advertising, face-to-face, and snowball methods. The survey targeted constructs of the Theory of Planned Behavior: attitudes, subjective norms, perceived behavioral control, intentions and previously identified background factors. Structural equation modeling identified 69% of the variance in intentions. The strongest influences were from non-scientifically based attitudes (phobic) (β=.55) and subjective norms (husband/partner and doctors) (β=.36). Attitudes (β=.69) and subjective norms (β=.52) were strongly determined by child medication behaviour (whether the child took medications easily when febrile) which had a total effect on intentions of β=.66. Perceived control, education and number of children had minimal influence on intentions. There is an urgent need for 1) the education of both parents in the benefits of fever and 2) for doctors to consistently provide parents with evidence-based information.
Impact and interest:
Citation countsare sourced monthly fromand citation databases.
These databases contain citations from different subsets of available publications and different time periods and thus the citation count from each is usually different. Some works are not in either database and no count is displayed. Scopus includes citations from articles published in 1996 onwards, and Web of Science® generally from 1980 onwards.
Citations counts from theindexing service can be viewed at the linked Google Scholar™ search.
Full-text downloadsdisplays the total number of times this work’s files (e.g., a PDF) have been downloaded from QUT ePrints as well as the number of downloads in the previous 365 days. The count includes downloads for all files if a work has more than one.
Repository Staff Only: item control page