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Action research practices and media for development

Tacchi, Jo A., Foth, Marcus, & Hearn, Gregory N. (2009) Action research practices and media for development. International Journal of Education and Development Using Information and Communication Technology, 5(2).

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Abstract

A number of community-based information and communication technology (ICT) for development initiatives, both within Australia and in South Asia have benefited from the application of a form of action research. This paper describes and discusses the rationale, practice and implications for wider uses of what we term Ethnographic Action Research. Ethnographic Action Research (EAR) is similar to Participatory Action Research (PAR), with three key distinctions or characteristics that we will elaborate upon in this paper as we describe how it is practiced. Firstly the ‘ethnographic’ refers not only to the key tools or methods that are used (none of which are exclusive to EAR), but to the ‘ethnographic approach’ that is a fundamental plank of EAR, and the way it is both integrated into the development of media initiatives and is ongoing. It is designed to build the capacity of media initiatives themselves to monitor and evaluate and consequently to alter practices as part of their ongoing development, with the EAR researcher being a member of the media initiative team, most usually with other roles and responsibilities within the initiative itself. Secondly, it works with the conceptual framework of the ‘communicative ecology’, which involves paying keen attention to the wider context of information and communication flows and channels - formal and informal, technical and social – and, monitoring both opportunities for intervention and the changes that result. Finally, we use media itself as a tool for action research: for exploring issues in a community as well as archiving, managing and collecting data and facilitating online networks of EAR researchers.

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ID Code: 17166
Item Type: Journal Article
Additional URLs:
Keywords: Action Research, Media Anthropology, Development Communication, New Media, Ethnographic Action Research
ISSN: 1814-0556
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > STUDIES IN HUMAN SOCIETY (160000) > SOCIOLOGY (160800) > Sociological Methodology and Research Methods (160807)
Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > STUDIES IN HUMAN SOCIETY (160000) > ANTHROPOLOGY (160100) > Anthropology of Development (160101)
Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > LANGUAGES COMMUNICATION AND CULTURE (200000) > COMMUNICATION AND MEDIA STUDIES (200100) > Media Studies (200104)
Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > LANGUAGES COMMUNICATION AND CULTURE (200000) > COMMUNICATION AND MEDIA STUDIES (200100) > Communication Technology and Digital Media Studies (200102)
Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > LANGUAGES COMMUNICATION AND CULTURE (200000) > COMMUNICATION AND MEDIA STUDIES (200100) > International and Development Communication (200103)
Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > INFORMATION AND COMPUTING SCIENCES (080000) > LIBRARY AND INFORMATION STUDIES (080700) > Social and Community Informatics (080709)
Divisions: Current > Research Centres > ARC Centre of Excellence for Creative Industries and Innovation
Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Creative Industries Faculty
Past > Institutes > Institute for Creative Industries and Innovation
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2009 [please consult the authors]
Copyright Statement: Copyright for articles published in this journal is retained by the authors, with first publication rights granted to the journal. By virtue of their appearance in this open access journal, articles are free to use, with proper attribution, in educational and other non-commercial settings.
Deposited On: 09 Jan 2009 08:35
Last Modified: 01 Mar 2012 00:05

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