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Reflections on the tissue kallikrein and kallikrein-related peptidase family - from mice to men - what have we learnt in the last two decades?

Clements, Judith A. (2008) Reflections on the tissue kallikrein and kallikrein-related peptidase family - from mice to men - what have we learnt in the last two decades? Biological Chemistry, 389(12), pp. 1447-1454.

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Abstract

The genes encoding the kininogenase, glandular tissue kallikrein, in rodents and man were first described in the mid-1980s. Remarkably, they appeared to be part of a much larger highly conserved family of genes (GK) in rodents, but only had two paralogs in man. This discrepancy was not rectified until the late 1990s/2000 with the identification of a cluster of 12 more kallikrein-related (KLK) genes in the human 19q13 locus and the subsequent identification of their rodent homologs. Interestingly, there are remarkable similarities in expression patterns, hormonal regulation and functional attributes of the old (GK) and new (KLK) families which underscore the evolutionary conservation across these loci and species. This historical perspective focuses on the lessons learned from earlier studies on the rodent GK gene families and the striking similarities of some attributes, yet uniqueness, of others. These earlier findings have all contributed to the current status of the KLK serine peptidase-encoding gene family as an exciting source of new biomarkers and therapeutic targets

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19 citations in Scopus
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16 citations in Web of Science®

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ID Code: 17577
Item Type: Journal Article
Keywords: Kallikreins, Prostate Cancer, Kallikrein-related peptidases, Hormone Dependent Cancer
DOI: 10.1515/BC.2008.174
ISSN: 1431-6730
Divisions: Past > QUT Faculties & Divisions > Faculty of Science and Technology
Current > Institutes > Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation
Past > Schools > School of Life Sciences
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2008 Walter de Gruyter
Copyright Statement: The final publication is available at www.degruyter.com
Deposited On: 06 Feb 2009 15:39
Last Modified: 29 Jul 2013 14:00

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