Drugs in oral fluid : illicit drug use and drug driving in a sample of Gold Coast motorists

Davey, Jeremy D., Freeman, James E., & Armstrong, Kerry A. (2008) Drugs in oral fluid : illicit drug use and drug driving in a sample of Gold Coast motorists. Road and Transport Research, 17(4), pp. 17-24.

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The present study examined the prevalence of drug driving in a sample of Queensland drivers. Oral fluid samples were collected from 276 drivers who volunteered to participate at Random Breath Testing (RBT) sites in the area of the Gold Coast, Queensland. Illicit substances tested for included cannabis (delta 9 tetrahydrocannibinol [THC]), ecstasy (MDMA), amphetamines and cocaine. Drivers also completed a self-report questionnaire regarding their drug-related driving behaviour. Oral fluid samples from 9 participants (3.3%) were found to be positive for at least one illicit substance. The most common drugs detected in oral fluid were cannabis (n = 6) followed by amphetamines (n = 3). A key finding was that cannabis was also confirmed as the most common self-reported drug combined with driving and that individuals who tested positive to any drug through oral fluid analysis were also more likely to report the highest frequency of drug driving. This research provides preliminary evidence that drug driving may be relatively prevalent on Queensland roads. This paper will further outline the major findings of the study and present possible directions for future drug driving research.

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ID Code: 17645
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
Additional URLs:
Keywords: drug driving, oral fluid, roadside drug screening
ISSN: 1037-5783
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > COMMERCE MANAGEMENT TOURISM AND SERVICES (150000) > TRANSPORTATION AND FREIGHT SERVICES (150700) > Road Transportation and Freight Services (150703)
Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > PSYCHOLOGY AND COGNITIVE SCIENCES (170000) > PSYCHOLOGY (170100)
Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > STUDIES IN HUMAN SOCIETY (160000) > CRIMINOLOGY (160200) > Causes and Prevention of Crime (160201)
Divisions: Current > Research Centres > Centre for Accident Research & Road Safety - Qld (CARRS-Q)
Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Faculty of Health
Current > Institutes > Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation
Current > Schools > School of Psychology & Counselling
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2008 ARRB Group Ltd
Copyright Statement: Reproduced in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher
Deposited On: 23 Feb 2009 03:07
Last Modified: 29 Feb 2012 13:46

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