QUT ePrints

Children's application of simultaneous and successive processing in inductive and deductive reasoning problems : implications for developing scientific reasoning skills

Watters, James J. & English, Lyn D. (1995) Children's application of simultaneous and successive processing in inductive and deductive reasoning problems : implications for developing scientific reasoning skills. Journal of Research in Science Teaching, 32(7), pp. 699-714.

View at publisher

Abstract

The research reported in this paper was undertaken to obtain a better understanding of problem solving and scientific reasoning in 10-year-old children. The study involved measuring children's competence at syllogistic reasoning and in solving a series of problems requiring inductive reasoning. Children were also categorized on the basis of levels of simultaneous and successive synthesis. Simultaneous and successive synthesis represent two dimensions of information processing identified by Luria in a program of neuro-psychological research. Simultaneous synthesis involves integration of information in a holistic or spatial fashion whereas successive synthesis involves processing information sequentially with temporal links between stimuli. Analysis of the data generated in the study indicated that syllogistic reasoning and inductive reasoning were significantly correlated with both simultaneous and successive synthesis. However, the strongest correlation was found between simultaneous synthesis and inductive reasoning. These findings provide a basis for understanding the roles of spatial and verbal-logical ability as defined by Luria's neuropsychological theory in scientific problem solving. The results also highlight the need for teachers to provide experiences which are compatible with individual students' information processing styles.

Impact and interest:

5 citations in Web of Science®
Search Google Scholar™

Citation countsare sourced monthly from Scopus and Web of Science® citation databases.

These databases contain citations from different subsets of available publications and different time periods and thus the citation count from each is usually different. Some works are not in either database and no count is displayed. Scopus includes citations from articles published in 1996 onwards, and Web of Science® generally from 1980 onwards.

Citations counts from the Google Scholar™ indexing service can be viewed at the linked Google Scholar™ search.

Full-text downloads:

1,654 since deposited on 04 Jul 2005
136 in the past twelve months

Full-text downloadsdisplays the total number of times this work’s files (e.g., a PDF) have been downloaded from QUT ePrints as well as the number of downloads in the previous 365 days. The count includes downloads for all files if a work has more than one.

ID Code: 1766
Item Type: Journal Article
Keywords: science education, reasoning, Luria, spatial ability
DOI: 10.1002/tea.3660320705
ISSN: 0022-4308
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > EDUCATION (130000)
Divisions: Current > Schools > School of Curriculum
Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Faculty of Education
Copyright Owner: Copyright 1995 John Wiley & Sons
Copyright Statement: The definite version is available on publication at www3.interscience.wiley.com
Deposited On: 04 Jul 2005
Last Modified: 25 Mar 2013 18:07

Export: EndNote | Dublin Core | BibTeX

Repository Staff Only: item control page