QUT ePrints

The morphology and structure of intercalated and pillared clays

Duong, Loc V. (2008) The morphology and structure of intercalated and pillared clays. PhD thesis, Queensland University of Technology.

Abstract

This thesis is submitted in a format of published papers by the candidate. Advanced methods of electron microscopy and X-ray spectroscopy have been used to study the relationship between the pillars and the silicate structure ranging from Al13 and Ga13 complexes to the final products Al- and Ga-pillared clays. The Al13 and Ga13 pillared montmorillonites have been prepared by conventional and ultrasonic methods. The ultrasonic method has been proven to be effective and showed very good catalytically activity. Transmission electron microscopy combined with elemental mapping by EDS showed the distribution of the Ga and Al pillars in the clay structure. The use of gallium allowed the independent observation of the Ga pillar distribution from the Al distribution in the clay structure. XPS spectra of the Ga13 pillared montmorillonites showed that the pillars has been changed from the original Keggin structure with a 7+ charge to something more stable with a lower charge upon intercalation. No direct evidence of the inverted silicon tetrahedron structure bonding to the pillar structure, as suggested by Plee in his original thesis, was observed. For comparative reasons the major aluminium hydroxide minerals in bauxite (gibbsite, bayerite and (pseudo-) boehmite) were studied. Detailed information about the Al13 structure was obtained by studying the basic sulphate and nitrate salts with XPS. The XPS results of a set of starting clays in comparison to the pillared clays indicated that small changes in the binding energy could explain the changes in the pillar structure and the formation of chemical bonds to the clay tetrahedral sheets during the calcination leading to the final products.

Impact and interest:

Citation countsare sourced monthly from Scopus and Web of Science® citation databases.

These databases contain citations from different subsets of available publications and different time periods and thus the citation count from each is usually different. Some works are not in either database and no count is displayed. Scopus includes citations from articles published in 1996 onwards, and Web of Science® generally from 1980 onwards.

Citations counts from the Google Scholar™ indexing service can be viewed at the linked Google Scholar™ search.

Full-text downloads:

1,693 since deposited on 11 Feb 2009
422 in the past twelve months

Full-text downloadsdisplays the total number of times this work’s files (e.g., a PDF) have been downloaded from QUT ePrints as well as the number of downloads in the previous 365 days. The count includes downloads for all files if a work has more than one.

ID Code: 17707
Item Type: QUT Thesis (PhD)
Supervisor: Kloprogge, Jacob& Frost, Raymond
Keywords: Intercalated clays, Pillared clays, morphology and structure
Divisions: Past > QUT Faculties & Divisions > Faculty of Science and Technology
Past > Schools > School of Physical & Chemical Sciences
Institution: Queensland University of Technology
Deposited On: 11 Feb 2009 11:38
Last Modified: 29 Oct 2011 05:51

Export: EndNote | Dublin Core | BibTeX

Repository Staff Only: item control page