An experimental and theoretical investigation of flow in a gross pollutant trap

Madhani, Jehangir T., Kelson, Neil A., & Brown, Richard J. (2009) An experimental and theoretical investigation of flow in a gross pollutant trap. Water Science and Technology, 59(6), pp. 1117-1127.

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Flow through a gross pollutant trap (GPT) with fully blocked screens is investigated experimentally and theoretically using computational fluid dynamics (CFD). Due to the wide range of possible flow regimes, an experimental approach is developed which uses a downstream weir arrangement to control the nature of the flow and the variation in free surface height. To determine the overall flow structure, measurements are taken at a fixed depth throughout the trap with an Acoustic Doppler Velocimeter (ADV), including velocity profile data across three cross sections of the GPT suitable for more detailed comparison with simulations. Observations of the near-wall flow features at the free surface are also taken, due to their likely importance for understanding litter capture and retention in the GPT. Complementary CFD modelling (using Fluent 6.3) is performed using a two-dimensional k-ε turbulence model along with either standard wall law boundary conditions or enhanced near-wall modelling approaches. Comparison with experiments suggest that neither CFD modelling approach could be considered as clearly superior to the other, despite the significant difference in near-wall mesh refinement and modelling that is involved. The experimental approach taken here is found useful to control the flow regime in the GPT and further experiments are recommended to study a greater range of flow conditions.

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8 citations in Scopus
3 citations in Web of Science®
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ID Code: 17896
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
Additional Information: Self-archiving of the author-version is not yet supported by this publisher.
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Keywords: gross pollutant trap, GPT, CFD, Fluent (software), stormwater, velocity measurement, litter, computational fluid dynamics, acoustic doppler velocimeter, ADV, 2D modelling
DOI: 10.2166/wst.2009.044
ISSN: 0273-1223
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > PHYSICAL SCIENCES (020000) > CLASSICAL PHYSICS (020300) > Fluid Physics (020303)
Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > ENGINEERING (090000) > INTERDISCIPLINARY ENGINEERING (091500) > Turbulent Flows (091508)
Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > ENGINEERING (090000) > CIVIL ENGINEERING (090500) > Water Quality Engineering (090508)
Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > ENGINEERING (090000) > INTERDISCIPLINARY ENGINEERING (091500) > Computational Fluid Dynamics (091501)
Divisions: Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Division of Technology, Information and Library Services
Past > QUT Faculties & Divisions > Faculty of Built Environment and Engineering
Current > Research Centres > High Performance Computing and Research Support
Past > Schools > School of Engineering Systems
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2009 IWA Publishing
Deposited On: 18 Feb 2009 22:40
Last Modified: 29 Feb 2012 13:56

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