Dynamics of skill acquisition : a constraints-led approach

Davids, Keith W., Button, Chris, & Bennett, Simon J. (2008) Dynamics of skill acquisition : a constraints-led approach. Human Kinetics, Champaign, Illinois.

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Abstract

This is an upper-level undergraduate or graduate textbook for courses in human movement and skill acquisition. A professional reference for movement practitioners and scientists, including teachers, coaches, physical educators, physical therapists, rehabilitation specialists, sport scientists, psychologists, biomechanists, and physiologists. The book provides a comprehensive analysis of the evolution of the constraints-led perspective, a recognized theory in motor learning and control. It outlines the development of a conceptual model of coordination and control within a multidisciplinary framework, capturing the various interlocking scales of analysis (e.g., neural, behavioral, psychological) and the many subsystems (e.g., perceptual and movement) involved in producing behavior. A conceptual model of coordination and control is important not just for designing learning environments, but it is also important for ensuring that learners gain positive experiences when acquiring motor skills. Practitioners and students will appreciate the applied focus which outlines a model of human movement with specific constraints-led approach strategies that address skill acquisition across a variety of professions, including teaching, coaching, and rehabilitation. By learning both the theoretical origins and applications for implementing a constraints-led approach to movement skill acquisition, readers will gain insight into how the informed organization of learning and rehabilitation environments produces more effective and efficient use of practice and therapy time.

Contents: Traditional theories of skill acquisition -- Physical constraints on coordination : dynamical systems theory -- Informational constraints on coordination : an ecological perspective -- Redefining learning : a constraints-led approach -- Understanding the dynamics of skill acquisition -- Dealing with individual differences : implications for a nonlinear pedagogy -- Organizing practice to optimize learning -- Using verbal guidance as an informational constraint on learners -- Observational learning as directed search -- Implementing the constraints-led approach: case studies.

Impact and interest:

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ID Code: 18139
Item Type: Book
Additional Information:

grasping tau, nonlinear pedagogy, required velocity model, Dynamics of Skill Acquisition, Traditional Theories of Skill Acquisition, Physical Constraints

Dynamics of Skill Acquisition: A Constraints-Led Approach provides a comprehensive analysis of the evolution of the constraints-led perspective, a recognized theory in motor learning and control. It is the first text to outline the development of a conceptual model of coordination and control within a multidisciplinary framework, capturing the various interlocking scales of analysis (e.g., neural, behavioral, psychological) and the many subsystems (e.g., perceptual and movement) involved in producing behavior. A conceptual model of coordination and control is important not just for designing learning environments, but it is also important for ensuring that learners gain positive experiences when acquiring motor skills.

Dynamics of Skill Acquisition provides the foundational concepts, methodological tools, and language to design positive learning experiences that facilitate movement coordination and control across various dynamic environments that require a high degree of precision of movements, from playing golf to performing surgery. The text also incorporates several learning features to assist readers:

Chapter outlines list major topics and subtopics.

Self-test questions at the end of each chapter provide opportunities for class discussion, individual review and reflection, and talking points for independent studies.

Spotlight on Research highlight boxes provide more detailed descriptions of important studies to help readers understand how interacting constraints shape movement behavior.

Key Concept boxes in each chapter remind students of the chapters’ important concepts.

Realistic case studies in the final chapter help both students and practitioners visiualize the contraints-led approach in practice. Each case study expands on the topics addressed in part II and encourages both reflection and application of knowledge to provide a solution.

Additional readings at the end of each chapter allow students, movement scientists, and practitioners to expand their learning.

Glossary terms are boldfaced in text and defined in a glossary at the end of the book.

Chapter summaries offer a compilation of important concepts.

Practitioners and students will appreciate the applied focus of Dynamics of Skill Acquisition, which outlines a model of human movement with specific constraints-led approach strategies that address skill acquisition across a variety of professions, including teaching, coaching, and rehabilitation. By learning both the theoretical origins and applications for implementing a constraints-led approach to movement skill acquisition, readers will gain insight into how the informed organization of learning and rehabilitation environments produces more effective and efficient use of practice and therapy time.

Dynamics of Skill Acquisition is divided into two parts. Part I provides an overview of the key theoretical contributions to the study of skill acquisition and introduces the constraints-led approach focusing on the implications of Newell’s (1986) model as a template for understanding how motor skills are acquired. Part II discusses the relationship between the theoretical concepts introduced in part I and the practical issues facing learners and movement practitioners. It provides readers with practical implications of the constraints-led approach and includes hypothetical case studies, which contain examples of the constraints-led model in action. In particular, the constraints-led approach shifts practitioners’ perspectives on how to do the following:

Deal with individual differences

Organize practice to optimize learning

Use verbal instructions and feedback

Direct learners’ attention during skill observation

With the increased interest in the role of constraints to shape motor learning, Dynamics of Skill Acquisition provides a timely analysis of the constraints-led approach, helping readers understand how coordination patterns are assembled, controlled, and acquired. No other book presents the theoretical roots and development to the constraints-led perspective and uses a blend of both dynamical systems and ecological approaches to skill acquisition to provide application strategies for all people with an interest in movement coordination and control.

Table of Contents
Part I. Introduction to Skill Acquisition Theory and the Constraints-Led Approach

Chapter 1. Traditional Theories of Skill Acquisition
Skill Acquisition: Definition and Theories
Common Features of Traditional Theories
Implications for Movement Practitioners
Summary

Chapter 2. Physical Constraints on Coordination: Dynamical Systems Theory
Complex Systems: A Definition
Constraints in Complex Systems
Emergent Behavior in Human Movement
Constraints and Movement Coordination
Interacting Constraints
Coordination Processes in Human Movement Systems
Functional Role of Variability in Movement Systems
Summary

Chapter 3. Informational Constraints on Coordination: An Ecological Perspective
Ecological Psychology and Information
Information-Movement Coupling
Haptic Information Constraints on Movement
Acoustic Information Constraints on Movement
Summary

Chapter 4. Redefining Learning: A Constraints-Led Approach
The Perceptual-Motor Landscape
Newell’s Model of Motor Learning
Practical Issues for Learning
Role of the Movement Practitioner: Nonlinear Pedagogy
“Hands-Off” Practitioner
Summary

Part II. Applying the Constraints-Led Approach

Chapter 5. Understanding the Dynamics of Skill Acquisition
Constructing the Perceptual-Motor Landscape
The Practitioner’s Perspective
Summary

Chapter 6. Dealing with Individual Differences: Implications for a Nonlinear Pedagogy
Intrinsic Dynamics of the Movement System
Variation in Athletic Performance
Individual Differences in Practical Settings
Developing Decision-Making Skills
Summary

Chapter 7. Organizing Practice to Optimize Learning
The Constraint of Time in Practice
Manipulating Task Constraints in Practice
Strategies for Structuring Practice
Summary

Chapter 8. Using Verbal Guidance
Effectiveness of Verbal Communication Strategies
Verbal Communication As a Temporary Informational Constraint
Attentional Focus and Verbal Communication
Interaction of Verbal Instructions and Feedback
Verbal Communication and Movement Disorders
Summary

Chapter 9. Observational Learning as Directed Search
Directed Search and Observational Learning
Observational Learning in Social Contexts
Visual Perception Perspective on Observational Learning
Learner-Regulated Video Feedback
Summary

Chapter 10. Implementing the Constraints-Led Approach: Case Studies
Practice and an External Focus of Attention
The Dynamics of Learning the Soccer Chip
Individual Differences in Amputee Gait
Practice Organization for Soldiers
Instructions for Student Drivers
Modeling to Direct Student Learning
Summary

Glossary
References
Index
About the Authors

Audiences
An upper-level undergraduate or graduate textbook for courses in human movement and skill acquisition. A professional reference for movement practitioners and scientists, including teachers, coaches, physical educators, physical therapists, rehabilitation specialists, sport scientists, psychologists, biomechanists, and physiologists.

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Keywords: Physical education and training, Physical education and training - psychological aspects, Movement - psychology of, Human mechanics, Physical fitness
ISBN: 9780736036863
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES (110000) > HUMAN MOVEMENT AND SPORTS SCIENCE (110600) > Motor Control (110603)
Divisions: Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Faculty of Health
Current > Institutes > Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation
Current > Schools > School of Exercise & Nutrition Sciences
Copyright Owner:
Deposited On: 26 Apr 2009 22:45
Last Modified: 29 Feb 2012 13:43

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