Psychometric properties of the Chinese version of the perceived therapeutic efficacy scale for type 2 diabetes

Wu, Shu Fang Vivienne, Courtney, Mary D., Edwards, Helen E., McDowell, Jan K., Shortridge-Baggett, Lillie M., & Chang, Pei-Jen (2008) Psychometric properties of the Chinese version of the perceived therapeutic efficacy scale for type 2 diabetes. Journal of the Formosan Medical Association, 107(3), pp. 232-238.

View at publisher


Background/Purpose: The purpose of this study was to test the psychometric properties of the Perceived Therapeutic Efficacy Scale (PTES) for type 2 diabetes with a Taiwanese sample. The mortality rate and health care cost of diabetes have dramatically increased in Taiwan, with many people with diabetes lacking the ability to control their disease appropriately. Addressing this problem requires enhancing self-efficacy towards self-management. Thus, there is a particular need for research into developing a diabetes-specific self-efficacy measurement instrument in Taiwan.Methods This study was undertaken in two stages. Stage 1 consisted of forward and back translation of the PTES into Chinese and examination of content validity. Stage 2 established the validity and reliability of the Chinese version of PTES (C-PTES). A total of 230 people with type 2 diabetes aged 30 years or more from a diabetes outpatient clinic and taking oral medicine were recruited for psychometric testing.Results Significant criterion-related validity was demonstrated between the C-PTES and the Summary of Diabetes Self-Care Activities scores (r = 0.32; p < 0.01). Convergent validity was confirmed as the C-PTES converged well with the General Self-Efficacy Scale in measuring self-efficacy (r = 0.42; p < 0.01); construct validity using factor analysis composed a single subscale. Internal consistency showed Cronbach's a was 0.95 and the test-retest reliability (Pearson's correction) was 0.79 (p < 0.01) and a Bland-Altman plot showed that 97% of the subjects were within two standard deviations of the mean.Conclusion The results of reliability and validity strengthen confidence in using the C-PTES. The C-PTES requires future studies to confirm the psychometric properties.

Impact and interest:

5 citations in Scopus
4 citations in Web of Science®
Search Google Scholar™

Citation counts are sourced monthly from Scopus and Web of Science® citation databases.

These databases contain citations from different subsets of available publications and different time periods and thus the citation count from each is usually different. Some works are not in either database and no count is displayed. Scopus includes citations from articles published in 1996 onwards, and Web of Science® generally from 1980 onwards.

Citations counts from the Google Scholar™ indexing service can be viewed at the linked Google Scholar™ search.

ID Code: 18219
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
Additional URLs:
Keywords: Perceived therapeutic efficacy scale, Psychometrics, Self-efficacy, Type 2 diabetes mellitus
DOI: 10.1016/S0929-6646(08)60141-2
ISSN: 0929-6646
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES (110000) > NURSING (111000) > Clinical Nursing - Primary (Preventative) (111002)
Divisions: Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Faculty of Health
Current > Institutes > Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation
Current > Schools > School of Nursing
Deposited On: 28 Apr 2009 04:55
Last Modified: 29 Feb 2012 13:44

Export: EndNote | Dublin Core | BibTeX

Repository Staff Only: item control page