Gender differences for optimism, self-esteem, expectations and goals in predicting career planning and exploration in adolescents
Patton, Wendy A., Bartrum, Dee A., & Creed, Peter A (2004) Gender differences for optimism, self-esteem, expectations and goals in predicting career planning and exploration in adolescents. International Journal for Educational and Vocational Guidance, 4(2-3), pp. 193-209.
An Australian sample (N = 467) of high school students was administered scales tapping optimism, self-esteem, career expectations, career goals, career planning and career exploration. The study tested a career mediational model based on social cognitive career theory (SCCT) and cognitive-motivational-relational theory (CMR). It was hypothesised that the stable person inputs of optimism and self-esteem would predict career planning and career exploration through the variables of career expectations and career goals differentially for young males and females. For males, optimism and self-esteem influenced career expectations, sequentially predicting career goals, career planning and career exploration. A different pathway was identified for females, with optimism directly influencing career goals, which subsequently predicted career planning and career exploration. Self-esteem predicted career expectations, which then directly influenced career planning and career exploration by bypassing career goals. Results are discussed in the context of SCCT and CMR.
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|Item Type:||Journal Article|
|Keywords:||social cognitive career theory, cognitive, motivational, relational theory, optimism, self, esteem, career expectations, career goals, career planning, career exploration, career maturity, locus of control|
|Subjects:||Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > PSYCHOLOGY AND COGNITIVE SCIENCES (170000)|
|Divisions:||Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Faculty of Education|
|Copyright Owner:||Copyright 2004 Springer|
|Copyright Statement:||The original publication is available at SpringerLink|
|Deposited On:||12 Jul 2005 00:00|
|Last Modified:||29 Feb 2012 13:05|
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