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Gender differences for optimism, self-esteem, expectations and goals in predicting career planning and exploration in adolescents

Patton, Wendy A., Bartrum, Dee A., & Creed, Peter A (2004) Gender differences for optimism, self-esteem, expectations and goals in predicting career planning and exploration in adolescents. International Journal for Educational and Vocational Guidance, 4(2-3), pp. 193-209.

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Abstract

An Australian sample (N = 467) of high school students was administered scales tapping optimism, self-esteem, career expectations, career goals, career planning and career exploration. The study tested a career mediational model based on social cognitive career theory (SCCT) and cognitive-motivational-relational theory (CMR). It was hypothesised that the stable person inputs of optimism and self-esteem would predict career planning and career exploration through the variables of career expectations and career goals differentially for young males and females. For males, optimism and self-esteem influenced career expectations, sequentially predicting career goals, career planning and career exploration. A different pathway was identified for females, with optimism directly influencing career goals, which subsequently predicted career planning and career exploration. Self-esteem predicted career expectations, which then directly influenced career planning and career exploration by bypassing career goals. Results are discussed in the context of SCCT and CMR.

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ID Code: 1822
Item Type: Journal Article
Keywords: social cognitive career theory, cognitive, motivational, relational theory, optimism, self, esteem, career expectations, career goals, career planning, career exploration, career maturity, locus of control
DOI: 10.1007/s10775-005-1745-z
ISSN: 1573-1782
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > PSYCHOLOGY AND COGNITIVE SCIENCES (170000)
Divisions: Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Faculty of Education
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2004 Springer
Copyright Statement: The original publication is available at SpringerLink
Deposited On: 12 Jul 2005
Last Modified: 29 Feb 2012 23:05

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