Thermogravimetric analysis of organoclays intercalated with the surfactant octadecyltrimethylammonium bromide

Xi, Yunfei, Martens, Wayde N., He, Hongping, & Frost, Ray L. (2005) Thermogravimetric analysis of organoclays intercalated with the surfactant octadecyltrimethylammonium bromide. Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry, 81(1), pp. 91-97.

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High resolution thermogravimetric analysis has been used to study the thermal decomposition of montmorillonite modified with octadecyltrimethylammonium bromide. Thermal decomposition occurs in 4 steps. The first step of mass loss is observed from ambient to 100 degrees Celsius temperature range and is attributed to dehydration of adsorbed water. The second step of mass loss occurs between 87.9 to 135.5 degrees Celsius temperature range and is also attributed to dehydration of water hydrating metal cations such as Na+. The third mass loss occurs between 179.0 and 384.5 degrees Celsius; it is assigned to the loss of surfactant. The fourth step is ascribed to the loss of OH units due to dehydroxylation of the montmorillonite and takes place between 556.0 and 636.3 degrees Celsius temperature range. These TGA steps are related to the arrangement of the surfactant molecules intercalating the montmorillonite. Changes in the basal spacing of the clay with surfactant are followed by X-ray diffraction. Thermal analysis provides an indication of the stability of the organo-clay.

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107 citations in Web of Science®
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ID Code: 1835
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
Keywords: thermal analysis, thermogravimetry, octadecyltrimethylammonium bromide, montmorillonite, surfactant, organoclay
DOI: 10.1007/s10973-005-0750-2
ISSN: 1572-8943
Divisions: Past > QUT Faculties & Divisions > Faculty of Science and Technology
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2005 Springer
Copyright Statement: The original publication is available at SpringerLink
Deposited On: 13 Jul 2005 00:00
Last Modified: 29 Feb 2012 13:15

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