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Comparison of the effects of a home-based and group-based resistance training program on functional ability in older adults

Cyarto, Elizabeth V. , Brown, Wendy J., Marshall, Alison L., & Trost, Stewart G. (2008) Comparison of the effects of a home-based and group-based resistance training program on functional ability in older adults. American Journal of Health Promotion, 23(1), 13 -17.

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Abstract

Purpose: To compare the effectiveness of home- and group-based, progressive resistance training programs and a group walking program in improving functional performance in older adults.-----

Design: A quasi-experimental trial, in which retirement villages were assigned to one of three groups: home-based resistance training, group-based resistance training, and group-based walking.----- Subjects: One hundred sixty-seven retirement village residents aged 65 to 96 years.-----

Intervention: Nine resistance training exercises, using graded exercise bands and body weight, to balance exercises, and 10 stretches. Home-based participants were given an exercise booklet, 8 hours of instruction, and telephone support. instructors supervised the group-based resistance training and walking programs. Each group exercised twice weekly for 20 weeks.-----

Measures: Functional performance (strength, aerobic endurance, flexibility, and agility/dynamic balance) was assessed using the Senior Fitness Test.-----

Analysis: Intervention effects were evaluated using mixed-model, repeated measures analysis of variance.-----

Results: Significant between-group differences were observed only for the lower-body flexibility test. Group resistance training participants improved, but home resistance training and walking participants did not. However, strength, lower-body flexibility, and agility/dynamic balance improved in the group-based resistance training participants, and strength and upper-body flexibility improved in the home-based participants. No improvements were observed in the walking group.-----

Conclusion: Findings support the implementation of both home- and group-based resistance training programs in retirement villages. Encouraging residents to adopt and maintain a resistance training program remains a research priority.

Impact and interest:

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9 citations in Web of Science®

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ID Code: 18731
Item Type: Journal Article
Additional URLs:
Keywords: Aged, Resistance training, Intervention, Exercise
ISSN: 0890-1171
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES (110000) > PUBLIC HEALTH AND HEALTH SERVICES (111700) > Health Counselling (111710)
Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES (110000) > PUBLIC HEALTH AND HEALTH SERVICES (111700) > Preventive Medicine (111716)
Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES (110000) > PUBLIC HEALTH AND HEALTH SERVICES (111700) > Health Promotion (111712)
Divisions: Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Faculty of Health
Current > Institutes > Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation
Current > Schools > School of Public Health & Social Work
Deposited On: 08 May 2009 11:50
Last Modified: 29 Feb 2012 23:51

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