Demographic correlates of psychotic-like experiences in young Australian adults
Scott, James, Welham, Joy L., Martin, Graham, Bor, William, Najman, Jackob M., O'Callaghan, Michael, Williams, Gail, Aird, Rosemary, & McGrath, John J. (2008) Demographic correlates of psychotic-like experiences in young Australian adults. Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica, 118(3), pp. 230-237.
Objective: Psychotic-like experiences (PLE) in the general community are common. The aims of this study were to examine the prevalence and demographic correlates of PLE in young adults.-----
Method: The sample consisted of 2441 subjects aged 18–23 years. Subjects completed the Composite International Diagnostic Interview (CIDI) and the 21-item Peters Delusional Inventory (PDI). Associations between age, gender, hallucinations and delusions were examined using logistic regression.-----
Results: Both CIDI hallucinations and delusions predicted high scores on the PDI. Younger age was significantly associated with endorsement of CIDI delusions [odds ratio (OR) = 0.66, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.48–0.92) and with PDI total scores (OR = 0.68, 95% CI 0.55–0.83). Women were significantly more likely to endorse items related to hallucinations (OR = 1.49, 95% CI 1.14–1.95) but not delusions.-----
Conclusion: PLE are common in young adults. The mechanisms underpinning the age and gender gradients in PLE may provide clues to the pathogenesis of psychotic disorders.
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|Item Type:||Journal Article|
|Keywords:||Psychosis, Age factors, Gender differences|
|Subjects:||Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES (110000) > PUBLIC HEALTH AND HEALTH SERVICES (111700) > Epidemiology (111706)
Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES (110000) > PUBLIC HEALTH AND HEALTH SERVICES (111700) > Mental Health (111714)
|Divisions:||Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Faculty of Health
Current > Schools > School of Public Health & Social Work
|Deposited On:||12 May 2009 00:32|
|Last Modified:||29 Feb 2012 13:50|
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