Retention and intentions to quit among Australian male apprentices

Gow, Kathryn M., Warren, Chantelle, Anthony, David, & Hinschen, Connie (2008) Retention and intentions to quit among Australian male apprentices. Education & Training, 50(3), pp. 216-230.

View at publisher


Purpose: In response to both the increasing concern of the declining rates of apprentices and the limited research in this area, the purpose of this paper is to investigate the individual processes involved in apprentices’ decisions to remain in their apprenticeship.-----

Design/methodology/approach: Specifically, five individual domains were investigated: motivation style (intrinsic and extrinsic motivation); coping style (emotion-focused and problem-focused); apprentice experiences (satisfaction, work conditions, expectations, formal training and recognition); financial responsibility; and demographic factors (age, geographic location, education/training and organisational tenure). Three measures were used to assess these five domains: the work preference inventory, the brief cope and the apprentice experience questionnaire. A total of 326 male participants were recruited from Victoria and Queensland.-----

Findings: Logistic regression was performed to determine if motivation style, coping style, apprentice experiences and demographic factors could predict thoughts towards remaining in an apprenticeship. A Chi-square test was conducted to determine if financial responsibility had an impact on thoughts towards remaining in a trade. Overall results suggested that intrinsic motivation, satisfaction, working conditions and geographic location could predict apprentices’ thoughts towards staying in an apprenticeship.-----

Research limitations/implications: The results can only be generalised to those who were currently undertaking an apprenticeship and not those who had already left. Furthermore, the outcome variable in this study was “thoughts towards quitting” and not actual quitting per se; however, social desirability effects may have influenced the responses somewhat.-----

Originality/value: By utilising this data, educators and employers alike could now be one step closer to retaining the much-needed apprentices of Australia and it may be that other countries such as Germany, India, France, Turkey, the USA, and the UK may pool informational research resources to counter the global downturn in apprentices’ availability.

Impact and interest:

5 citations in Scopus
Search Google Scholar™

Citation counts are sourced monthly from Scopus and Web of Science® citation databases.

These databases contain citations from different subsets of available publications and different time periods and thus the citation count from each is usually different. Some works are not in either database and no count is displayed. Scopus includes citations from articles published in 1996 onwards, and Web of Science® generally from 1980 onwards.

Citations counts from the Google Scholar™ indexing service can be viewed at the linked Google Scholar™ search.

ID Code: 18899
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
Additional URLs:
Keywords: Apprenticeships, Retention, Training, Motivation (psychology), Australia
DOI: 10.1108/00400910810873991
ISSN: 0040-0912
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > PSYCHOLOGY AND COGNITIVE SCIENCES (170000) > PSYCHOLOGY (170100) > Industrial and Organisational Psychology (170107)
Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > COMMERCE MANAGEMENT TOURISM AND SERVICES (150000) > BUSINESS AND MANAGEMENT (150300) > Human Resources Management (150305)
Divisions: Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Faculty of Health
Current > Institutes > Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation
Current > Schools > School of Psychology & Counselling
Deposited On: 30 Apr 2009 01:33
Last Modified: 09 Jun 2010 13:30

Export: EndNote | Dublin Core | BibTeX

Repository Staff Only: item control page