Clinical spectrum of lamellar macular defects including pseudoholes and pseudocysts defined by optical coherence tomography

Chen, J. C. & Lee, L. R. (2008) Clinical spectrum of lamellar macular defects including pseudoholes and pseudocysts defined by optical coherence tomography. British Journal of Ophthalmology, 92(10), pp. 1342-1346.

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Objective: To present the clinical spectrum of lamellar macular defects and describe the different subtypes based on their optical coherence tomography (OCT) configuration and visual prognosis.---- Methods: The retrospective observational case series reviewed OCT scans of 92 eyes with lamellar macular defects. Lamellar macular defects were categorised into subtypes of macular pseudohole (MPH), lamellar macular hole (LMH) and foveal pseudocyst (FP) according to their OCT morphology. The defects were quantitatively characterised in terms of base diameter, depth and central foveal thickness, and examined for the presence of associated epiretinal membranes (ERM).---- Results: Visual acuity (VA) was significantly correlated with the central foveal thickness and depth of the lamellar defect. MPH was associated with better VA compared with LMH and FP. MPH was of a smaller base diameter and had a greater central foveal thickness than that of LMH and FP. Fifty-per cent of all lamellar defects had an associated ERM.---- Conclusions: Different profiles of lamellar macular defects were characterised and quantified by OCT. Deeper and wider lamellar defects were associated with poorer visual outcome. Such objective parameters lamellar macular defects are of value when explaining to patients regarding their decreased acuity. Future prospective investigations are required to study the natural history of lamellar defects of different aetiology and surgical indications.

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32 citations in Scopus
27 citations in Web of Science®
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ID Code: 19284
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
Additional URLs:
Keywords: Lamellar macular defects, Pseudoholes and pseudocysts, Optical coherence tomography
DOI: 10.1136/bjo.2007.133041
ISSN: 0007-1161
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES (110000) > OPTOMETRY AND OPHTHALMOLOGY (111300)
Divisions: Current > Institutes > Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation
Deposited On: 15 Apr 2009 00:54
Last Modified: 10 Aug 2011 15:29

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