The border between government and charity : a case study of Queensland Hospital Foundations
Our notion of the specific functions of the state and how these are performed have blurred during our lifetime. What were recently regarded as citizen's rights under the welfare state to education, health and other services may now be conceptualised in different ways. Both north and south states have engaged in contracting out many of their functions to private enterprise and the third sector. States have also shifted government functions from the traditional bureaucracy into the market through privatisation and corporatisation in areas such as telecommunications, banking, energy and correctional services. New quasi-government agencies abound, situated between the state, private enterprise and the third sector. Such flux is not only an attribute of our times. Under the reign of Queen Elizabeth 1 the Tudor state was also marked by significant changes. The introduction of the Poor Laws using a combination of criminal law to discourage vagrancy and parishes as a unit of government providing relief to the poor from their taxes was a significant transition. The Preamble to the Statute of Elizabeth which identifies non-state charitable activities illustrates these contentions. While in the main the Preamble focuses on examples of the direct relief of poverty such as the relief of the impotent, poor, sick, decayed and prisoners, capital infrastructure provision is also specifically mentioned. The preamble also specifies as charitable purposes "repaire of bridges, portes, havens, Causewaies, churches, seabanks and highways." This infrastructure was maintained by a mix of private agreements, the parish and other authorities in Tudor times.
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|Item Type:||Journal Article|
|Keywords:||non profit, philanthropy, charity, governance, non government|
|Subjects:||Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > LAW AND LEGAL STUDIES (180000) > LAW (180100)|
Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > LAW AND LEGAL STUDIES (180000) > LAW (180100) > Law and Society (180119)
|Divisions:||Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > QUT Business School|
Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Faculty of Law
Current > Schools > School of Accountancy
|Copyright Owner:||Copyright 2002 Australia and New Zealand Third Sector Research Incorporated|
|Copyright Statement:||Reproduced in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher.|
|Deposited On:||02 Apr 2009 15:58|
|Last Modified:||05 Jan 2011 23:42|
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