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Disentangling the Underlying Dimensions of Psychopathy and Conduct Problems in Childhood: A Community Study

Dadds, Mark R., Fraser, Jennifer A., Frost, Aaron D., & Hawes, David J. (2005) Disentangling the Underlying Dimensions of Psychopathy and Conduct Problems in Childhood: A Community Study. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 73(3), pp. 400-410.

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Abstract

The psychometric and predictive validity of callous-unemotional (CU) traits as an early precursor of conduct disorder and antisocial behavior were assessed. A community sample of children (4–9 years of age) were tested 12 months apart with the Antisocial Process Screening Device (APSD; P. J. Frick & R. D. Hare, 2002), a measure of early signs of psychopathy in children. Factor analysis supported the structure of the APSD. Given controversy surrounding construct overlap between psychopathy and conduct problems, a factor analysis was conducted on pooled items from the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire and APSD. A 5-factor solution resulted: antisocial, hyperactivity, CU traits, anxiety, and peer problems. CU traits added small but significant improvements in the 12-month prediction of antisocial behavior for boys and older girls, after controlling for Time 1 measures. These results indicate that although the dimensions of the APSD overlap with dimensions of the disruptive behavior disorders, CU traits have unique predictive validity in childhood.

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ID Code: 1976
Item Type: Journal Article
Additional URLs:
DOI: 10.1037/0022-006X.73.3.400
ISSN: 0022-006X
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES (110000) > PUBLIC HEALTH AND HEALTH SERVICES (111700) > Community Child Health (111704)
Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES (110000) > NURSING (111000)
Divisions: Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Faculty of Health
Current > Institutes > Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2005 American Psychological Association
Copyright Statement: This article may not exactly replicate the final version published in the APA journal. It is not the copy of record.
Deposited On: 19 Aug 2005
Last Modified: 29 Feb 2012 23:10

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