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Bicycle helmet wearing among adolescents : the effectiveness of a school-based injury prevention countermeasure

Buckley, Lisa, Sheehan, Mary C., & Chapman, Rebekah L. (2009) Bicycle helmet wearing among adolescents : the effectiveness of a school-based injury prevention countermeasure. In TRB 88th Annual Meeting, 11-15 January 2009, Washington D.C.

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Abstract

Adolescents experience many benefits from bicycling however there are also potentially significant injury consequences. One effective countermeasure for the prevention of adolescent bicycling injuries is to promote bicycle helmet wearing. In this paper, an overview is provided of injury risks of bicycle riding with particular attention to the role of helmet wearing and associated countermeasures such as legislation and school and community approaches. This paper presents the findings of a study conducted in Australia that examined the effectiveness of a theory-based injury prevention program, Skills for Preventing Injury in Youth (SPIY) for 9th grade students (aged 13-14 years). The findings showed a significant, 20.2% decrease in cycling without a helmet among the intervention students (n=360) and no change for the students in the comparison group (n=363) after six months. In addition, it was found that failing to wear a helmet was significantly associated with engaging in other transport risks, being male, having friends who don’t wear a helmet and specific targets of change in the SPIY program, negative attitude to risk, failing to intervene in friends’ risk-taking and low first aid knowledge. Overall, SPIY appeared to be an effective theory-based intervention to increase helmet wearing among early adolescents, a group not often targeted in school and community helmet wearing programs.

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ID Code: 20342
Item Type: Conference Paper
Additional Information: Later published in Transportation Research Record: Journal of the Transportation Research Board, 2009, issue 2140, pp. 173-181. Journal article of conference paper can be found at: http://eprints.qut.edu.au/31375/
Additional URLs:
Keywords: Intervention, Evaluation, Adolescent, Bicycle helmet, High school
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES (110000) > PUBLIC HEALTH AND HEALTH SERVICES (111700) > Health Promotion (111712)
Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES (110000) > PUBLIC HEALTH AND HEALTH SERVICES (111700)
Divisions: Current > Research Centres > Centre for Accident Research & Road Safety - Qld (CARRS-Q)
Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Faculty of Health
Current > Institutes > Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation
Current > Schools > School of Psychology & Counselling
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2009 Transportation Research Board
Deposited On: 06 May 2009 11:40
Last Modified: 12 Aug 2013 09:36

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