Screening for drugs in oral fluid : drug driving and illicit drug use in a sample of Queensland motorists
Objective: Random roadside oral fluid testing is becoming increasingly popular as an apprehension and deterrence-based countermeasure to reduce drug driving. This paper outlines research conducted to provide an estimate of the extent of drug driving in a sample of drivers in Brisbane, Queensland.----- Methods: Oral fluid samples were collected from 1587 drivers who volunteered to participate at Random Breath Testing (RBT) sites. Illicit substances tested for included cannabis (delta 9 tetrahydrocannibinol [THC]), meth/amphetamines and cocaine. Drivers also completed a self-report questionnaire regarding their drug-related driving behaviour.----- Results: Oral fluid samples from 58 participants (3.7%) were confirmed positive for at least one illicit substance. The most common drugs detected in oral fluid were ecstasy (n = 35) followed by cannabis (n = 20). Similarly, cannabis was confirmed as the most common self-reported drug combined with driving. Nevertheless, individuals who tested positive to any drug through oral fluid analysis were also more likely to report the highest frequency of drug driving.----- Conclusions: This research provides evidence that drug driving is relatively prevalent on some Queensland roads, and thus the behaviour presents as a serious road safety threat. This paper will further outline the study findings and present possible directions for future drug driving research.
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|Item Type:||Journal Article|
|Keywords:||drug driving, oral fluid, roadside drug screening|
|Subjects:||Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > COMMERCE MANAGEMENT TOURISM AND SERVICES (150000) > TRANSPORTATION AND FREIGHT SERVICES (150700) > Road Transportation and Freight Services (150703)
Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > PSYCHOLOGY AND COGNITIVE SCIENCES (170000) > PSYCHOLOGY (170100)
|Divisions:||Current > Research Centres > Centre for Accident Research & Road Safety - Qld (CARRS-Q)
Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Faculty of Health
Current > Institutes > Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation
Current > Schools > School of Psychology & Counselling
|Copyright Owner:||Copyright 2009 Taylor & Francis|
|Deposited On:||29 May 2009 01:12|
|Last Modified:||29 Feb 2012 13:54|
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