Screening for drugs in oral fluid : drug driving and illicit drug use in a sample of Queensland motorists

Davey, Jeremy D. & Freeman, James E. (2009) Screening for drugs in oral fluid : drug driving and illicit drug use in a sample of Queensland motorists. Traffic Injury Prevention, 10(3), pp. 231-236.

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Objective: Random roadside oral fluid testing is becoming increasingly popular as an apprehension and deterrence-based countermeasure to reduce drug driving. This paper outlines research conducted to provide an estimate of the extent of drug driving in a sample of drivers in Brisbane, Queensland.----- Methods: Oral fluid samples were collected from 1587 drivers who volunteered to participate at Random Breath Testing (RBT) sites. Illicit substances tested for included cannabis (delta 9 tetrahydrocannibinol [THC]), meth/amphetamines and cocaine. Drivers also completed a self-report questionnaire regarding their drug-related driving behaviour.----- Results: Oral fluid samples from 58 participants (3.7%) were confirmed positive for at least one illicit substance. The most common drugs detected in oral fluid were ecstasy (n = 35) followed by cannabis (n = 20). Similarly, cannabis was confirmed as the most common self-reported drug combined with driving. Nevertheless, individuals who tested positive to any drug through oral fluid analysis were also more likely to report the highest frequency of drug driving.----- Conclusions: This research provides evidence that drug driving is relatively prevalent on some Queensland roads, and thus the behaviour presents as a serious road safety threat. This paper will further outline the study findings and present possible directions for future drug driving research.

Impact and interest:

13 citations in Scopus
10 citations in Web of Science®
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272 since deposited on 29 May 2009
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ID Code: 20868
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
Additional URLs:
Keywords: drug driving, oral fluid, roadside drug screening
DOI: 10.1080/15389580902826817
ISSN: 1538-9588
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > COMMERCE MANAGEMENT TOURISM AND SERVICES (150000) > TRANSPORTATION AND FREIGHT SERVICES (150700) > Road Transportation and Freight Services (150703)
Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > PSYCHOLOGY AND COGNITIVE SCIENCES (170000) > PSYCHOLOGY (170100)
Divisions: Current > Research Centres > Centre for Accident Research & Road Safety - Qld (CARRS-Q)
Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Faculty of Health
Current > Institutes > Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation
Current > Schools > School of Psychology & Counselling
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2009 Taylor & Francis
Deposited On: 29 May 2009 01:12
Last Modified: 29 Feb 2012 13:54

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