Are we really making a difference? The gap between outcomes and evaluation research in public relations campaigns
Xavier, Robina J., Patel, Amisha M., & Johnston, Kim A. (2004) Are we really making a difference? The gap between outcomes and evaluation research in public relations campaigns. In ANZCA Annual Conference : Making a Difference, 7-9 July 2004, University of Sydney, Sydney. (Unpublished)
Public relations helps organisations establish reputations (Plowman, Briggs & Huang 2001), improve community relationships (Ledingham & Bruning 2000, Stark & Kruckeberg 2001), resolve conflict (Coombs 2001, Ehling, White & Grunig 1992, Grunig 2001, Springston & Keyton 2001), and change attitudes and behaviour (Cutlip, Center & Broom 2000), Grunig & Repper 1992, Hendrix 2004). Such outcomes are valued by managers (Guth & Marsh 2003, Newson, Turk & Kruckeberg 2004) who increasingly require evidence of public relations' contribution to organisational goals. Although practitioners use both formal and informal methods to evaluate their effectiveness (Walker 1994, Watson 2001), it is unclear how their reporting f public relations success measure up to actual achievement of outcomes.-----
Public relations evaluation has received much attention in both academic and practitioner literature (Baskin, Aronoff & Lattimore 1997, Cutlip, Center & Broom 2000. Dozier & Repper 1992, Hendrix 2004, Waler 1994, Watson 2001) In 1994, the International Public Relations Association in conjunction with the Public Relations Institute of Australia produced a gold paper on public relations evaluation, stressing the need for professionals to demonstrate their professional accountability through evaluation.-----
Guided by these recommendations and academic literature, this study uses fives year of public relations campaign data gathered from 118 award case studies to identify evaluation methods and examine the reporting or public relations evaluations against set outcomes. Finally this paper poses a set of initiatives to enhance public relations accountability through effective evaluation and advance the profession's ability to make a difference.
Impact and interest:
Citation countsare sourced monthly fromand citation databases.
Citations counts from theindexing service can be viewed at the linked Google Scholar™ search.
|Item Type:||Conference Paper|
|Keywords:||evaluation, public relations, campaigns|
|Subjects:||Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > COMMERCE MANAGEMENT TOURISM AND SERVICES (150000) > MARKETING (150500) > Marketing Communications (150502)|
|Divisions:||Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > QUT Business School|
Current > Schools > School of Advertising, Marketing & Public Relations
|Copyright Owner:||Copyright 2004 [please consult the authors]|
|Deposited On:||09 Jun 2009 11:07|
|Last Modified:||29 Feb 2012 23:08|
Repository Staff Only: item control page