Behaviour of axially loaded concrete columns subjected to transverse impact loads

Thilakarathna, Herath Mudiyanselage Indika, Thambiratnam, David P., Dhanasekar, Sekar, & Perera, Nimal J. (2009) Behaviour of axially loaded concrete columns subjected to transverse impact loads. In Proceedings of the 34th Conference on Our World in Concrete and Structures, CI-PREMIER Pte Ltd, Orchard Plaza, Singapore, pp. 359-366.


Increased industrialisation has brought to the forefront the susceptibility of concrete columns in both buildings and bridges to vehicle impacts. Accurate vulnerability assessments are crucial in the design process due to the possible catastrophic nature of the failures that can occur. This paper reports on research undertaken to investigate the vulnerability of columns in low to medium rise buildings, designed according to the Australian standards. Numerical simulation techniques were used and validation was done by using experimental results published in the literature. The material model formulation used for validation is scrutinised and numerical tests are preformed to examine its ability to simulate the impact conditions.

Axially loaded columns made out of grade 40 to 50 concrete with two different steel ratios are considered in the analyses. It is found that typical columns in five storey buildings, having a high slenderness ratio of 13.33, are highly vulnerable to medium velocity car impacts [1]. The investigations are continued with different combinations of parameters to identify the means to mitigate damage. It is observed that the design option with low amount of steel significantly improves impact capacity while a higher grade of concrete considerably increases the vulnerability of the impact, contrary to what would be expected. However, further improvements can be made when smaller slenderness ratios are selected. In particular, influences of time of impact and iso-damage conditions are investigated in detail. It has also been found that vehicle impacts can be categorised next to the quasi-static loading region in typical force-impulse diagrams. This will allow numerical methods to be implemented to quantify the impact damages. Key words: Dynamic analysis, Numerical simulations, Lateral impact, Structural columns

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ID Code: 21095
Item Type: Conference Paper
Refereed: No
Additional URLs:
Keywords: Dynamic analysis, Numerical simulations, Lateral impact, Structural columns
ISBN: 978-981-08-3243-8
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > ENGINEERING (090000) > CIVIL ENGINEERING (090500) > Structural Engineering (090506)
Divisions: Past > QUT Faculties & Divisions > Faculty of Built Environment and Engineering
Past > Schools > School of Urban Development
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2009 [please consult the authors]
Deposited On: 11 Jun 2009 01:06
Last Modified: 26 Feb 2015 05:59

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