Anatomical distribution of solar ultraviolet exposures among cyclists
Green, Adele, Kimlin, Michael, Martinez, Nathan, & Whiteman, David C. (2006) Anatomical distribution of solar ultraviolet exposures among cyclists. Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology B: Biology, 85(1), pp. 23-27.
Exposure to solar ultraviolet (UV) radiation is the major environmental factor implicated in the development of melanoma and other skin cancers, as well as eye damage and skin photoaging. Outdoor recreational activities such as cycling are increasingly pursued for health benefits, however little information is available regarding potential adverse effects of excessive sun exposure in this setting, nor about the anatomical distribution of solar dose. Polysulphone badges (UV dosimeters) were attached to the head, backs of hands and ankles of 22 cyclists during a seven-day charity bicycle ride in Queensland, Australia. Average daily exposures exceeded one minimal erythemal dose (MED) at all body sites except the ankle. Significant differences in UV dose among the various body sites were noted, with highest exposures recorded on the top of the head. Mean doses received at the ankle (0.94 MED), back of the hand (1.28 MED) and side of the head (1.14 MED) were 51%, 71% and 63% of those received at the top of the head (1.80 MED), respectively. These data indicate that cycling exposes adherents to substantial doses of UV radiation. Moreover, our observations suggest that even vertically-oriented, potentially shaded sites such as the lower leg typically receive doses of solar radiation no less than half of maximally exposed sites.
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|Item Type:||Journal Article|
|Keywords:||Ultraviolet, Human, Anatomical Distribution, Cyclists|
|Subjects:||Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES (110000) > PUBLIC HEALTH AND HEALTH SERVICES (111700) > Environmental and Occupational Health and Safety (111705)|
|Divisions:||Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Faculty of Health|
Current > Institutes > Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation
|Copyright Owner:||Copyright 2006 Elsevier|
|Copyright Statement:||This is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology B: Biology. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology B: Biology, [VOL 85, ISSUE 1, (2006)] DOI: 10.1016/j.jphotobiol.2006.04.004|
|Deposited On:||17 Jun 2009 22:57|
|Last Modified:||25 Oct 2013 09:55|
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