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Addition of cue exposure to cognitive-behaviour therapy for alcohol misuse : A randomized trial with dysphoric drinkers

Giannopoulos, Vicki, Kavanagh, David, Saunders, John, Shockley, Natalie, Sitharthan, Gomathi, Sitharthan, Thiagarajan, & Young, Ross (2006) Addition of cue exposure to cognitive-behaviour therapy for alcohol misuse : A randomized trial with dysphoric drinkers. Addiction, 101(8), pp. 1106-1116.

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Abstract

Aim To test whether addition of moderation-orientated cue exposure (CE) or CE after dysphoric mood induction (emotional CE, ECE) improved outcomes above those from cognitive-behaviour therapy alone (CBT) in people who drank when dysphoric.

Design Multi-site randomized controlled trial comparing CBT with CBT + CE and CBT + ECE.

Setting Out-patient rooms in academic treatment units in Brisbane and Sydney, Australia.

Participants People with alcohol misuse and problems controlling consumption when dysphoric (n = 163). Those with current major depressive episode were excluded.

Intervention Eight weekly 75-minute sessions of individual treatment for alcohol problems were given to all participants, with CBT elements held constant across conditions. From session 2, CBT + CE participants resisted drinking while exposed to alcohol cues, with two priming doses of their preferred beverage being given in some sessions. After an initial CE session, CBT + ECE participants recalled negative experiences before undertaking CE, to provide exposure to emotional cues of personal relevance.

Measurements Alcohol consumption, related problems, alcohol expectancies, self-efficacy and depression.

Results Average improvements were highly significant across conditions, with acceptable maintenance of effects over 12 months. Both treatment retention and effects on alcohol consumption were progressively weaker in CBT + CE and CBT + ECE than in CBT alone. Changes in alcohol dependence and depression did not differ across conditions.

Conclusions These data do not indicate that addition of clinic-based CE to standard CBT improves outcomes. A different approach to the management of craving may be required.

Impact and interest:

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ID Code: 22337
Item Type: Journal Article
Keywords: Alcohol, Cue, Cognitive-behavioural
DOI: 10.1111/j.1360-0443.2006.01488.x
ISSN: 0965-2140
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > PSYCHOLOGY AND COGNITIVE SCIENCES (170000) > PSYCHOLOGY (170100) > Health Clinical and Counselling Psychology (170106)
Divisions: Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Faculty of Health
Current > Institutes > Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation
Deposited On: 17 Jun 2009 23:10
Last Modified: 29 Feb 2012 23:24

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