Impact of hemoglobin levels before and during concurrent chemoradiotherapy on the response of treatment in patients with cervical carcinoma

Bachtiary, Barbara, Cheuk, Robyn, Crandon, Alex, Horwood, Keith, Janda, Monika , Nicklin, James, Obermair, Andreas, Perrin, Lewis, Schwanzeklberger, Barbara, & Stoiber, Alexander (2001) Impact of hemoglobin levels before and during concurrent chemoradiotherapy on the response of treatment in patients with cervical carcinoma. Cancer, 92(4), pp. 903-908.

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Abstract

BACKGROUND In patients undergoing radiation for cervical carcinoma, there is evidence that anemia is associated with an impaired outcome. For patients undergoing chemoradiation, there are no data available. The objective of this retrospective study was to examine the impact of anemia before and during chemoradiation in patients with cervical carcinoma.

METHODS The authors collected data on hemoglobin (Hb) levels before and during treatment from 57 patients with cervical carcinoma. The stage of disease ranged between Stage IB and Stage IVA. All patients were treated with concurrent chemoradiation. Response to chemoradiation was evaluated by univariate and multivariate analyses.

RESULTS The mean Hb level at the time of presentation was 12.9 ± 1.6 g/dL in patients with a complete clinical response (CCR) and 12.1 ± 1.4 g/dL in those with persistent disease (P = 0.126). In patients with a CCR, the mean nadir Hb level was 11.1 ± 1.3 g/dL, and in patients with treatment failure, it was 9.8 ± 1.8 g/dL (P = 0.008). A univariate logistic regression model demonstrated that the nadir Hb level was the most predictive factor for treatment failure (relative risk, 1.92; P = 0.015) followed by disease stage (relative risk, 0.51; P = 0.074). In a multivariate model, the nadir Hb level remained the only prognostically relevant factor predicting the response to chemoradiation. Only patients with nadir Hb values > 11 g/dL throughout chemoradiation had a more than 90% chance of achieving a CCR.

CONCLUSIONS In patients undergoing chemoradiation for cervical carcinoma, the nadir Hb level is highly predictive of response to treatment, whereas the Hb level at the time of presentation is prognostically not significant.

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ID Code: 22794
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
Additional URLs:
DOI: 10.1002/1097-0142(20010815)92:4<903::AID-CNCR1399>3.0.CO;2-2
ISSN: 0008-543X
Divisions: Current > Research Centres > Centre for Health Research
Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Faculty of Health
Deposited On: 17 Jun 2009 13:24
Last Modified: 10 Aug 2011 17:38

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