Weather variability, tides, and Barmah Forest Virus Disease in the Gladstone region, Australia
Naish, Suchithra, Hu, Wenbiao, Nicholls, Neville, Mackenzie, John, McMichael, Anthony, Dale, Pat, & Tong, Shilu (2006) Weather variability, tides, and Barmah Forest Virus Disease in the Gladstone region, Australia. Environmental Health Perspectives, 114(5), pp. 678-683.
In this study we examined the impact of weather variability and tides on the transmission of Barmah Forest virus (BFV) disease and developed a weather-based forecasting model for BFV disease in the Gladstone region, Australia. We used seasonal autoregressive integrated moving-average (SARIMA) models to determine the contribution of weather variables to BFV transmission after the time-series data of response and explanatory variables were made stationary through seasonal differencing. We obtained data on the monthly counts of BFV cases, weather variables (e.g., mean minimum and maximum temperature, total rainfall, and mean relative humidity), high and low tides, and the population size in the Gladstone region between January 1992 and December 2001 from the Queensland Department of Health, Australian Bureau of Meteorology, Queensland Department of Transport, and Australian Bureau of Statistics, respectively. The SARIMA model shows that the 5-month moving average of minimum temperature (β = 0.15, p-value < 0.001) was statistically significantly and positively associated with BFV disease, whereas high tide in the current month (β = −1.03, p-value = 0.04) was statistically significantly and inversely associated with it. However, no significant association was found for other variables. These results may be applied to forecast the occurrence of BFV disease and to use public health resources in BFV control and prevention.
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|Item Type:||Journal Article|
|Keywords:||Rainfall, Mosquito Density, Polynomial Distributed Lag Model, Ross River Virus|
|Subjects:||Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > MATHEMATICAL SCIENCES (010000) > STATISTICS (010400) > Applied Statistics (010401)
Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES (110000) > PUBLIC HEALTH AND HEALTH SERVICES (111700) > Epidemiology (111706)
|Divisions:||Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Faculty of Health
Current > Institutes > Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation
|Copyright Owner:||Copyright 2006 U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, National Institute of Environmental Health Science|
|Copyright Statement:||Reproduced with permission from Environmental Health Perspectives|
|Deposited On:||17 Jun 2009 13:42|
|Last Modified:||30 Oct 2014 22:57|
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