The Behavior of Hydroxyl Units of Synthetic Goethite and its Dehydroxylated Product Hematite

Frost, Raymond, Kloprogge, Jacob (Theo), & Ruan, Huada (2001) The Behavior of Hydroxyl Units of Synthetic Goethite and its Dehydroxylated Product Hematite. Spectrochimica Acta Part A Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy, 57(13), pp. 2575-2586.


The behavior of the hydroxyl units of synthetic goethite and its dehydroxylated product hematite was characterized using a combination of Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy and X-ray diffraction (XRD) during the thermal transformation over a temperature range of 180-270 degrees C. Hematite was detected at temperatures above 200 degrees C by XRD while goethite was not observed above 230 degrees C. Five intense OH vibrations at 3212-3194, 1687-1674, 1643-1640, 888-884 and 800-798 cm(-1), and a H2O vibration at 3450-3445 cm(-1) were observed for goethite. The intensity of hydroxyl stretching and bending vibrations decreased with the extent of dehydroxylation of goethite. Infrared absorption bands clearly show the phase transformation between goethite and hematite: in particular. the migration of excess hydroxyl units from goethite to hematite. Two bands at 536-533 and 454-452 cm(-1) are the low wavenumber vibrations of Fe-O in the hematite structure. Band component analysis data of FTIR spectra support the fact that the hydroxyl units mainly affect the a plane in goethite and the equivalent c plane in hematite.

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ID Code: 23279
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
Divisions: Past > QUT Faculties & Divisions > Faculty of Science and Technology
Deposited On: 17 Jun 2009 13:48
Last Modified: 31 Mar 2015 03:00

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