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Efficient microwave hydrothermal preparation of nanocrystalline anatase TiO2 colloids

Wilson, Gregory, Will, Geoffrey D., Frost, Ray L., & Montgomery, Simon (2002) Efficient microwave hydrothermal preparation of nanocrystalline anatase TiO2 colloids. Journal of Materials Chemistry, 12(6), pp. 1787-1791.

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Abstract

Titanium dioxide nanocrystals are an important commercial product used primarily in white pigments and abrasives, however, more recently the anatase form of TiO2 has become a major component in electrochemical and photoelectrochemical devices. An important property of titanium dioxide nanocrystals for electrical applications is the degree of crystallinity. Numerous preparation methods exist for the production of highly crystalline TiO2 particles. The majority of these processes require long reaction times, high pressures and temperatures (450–1400 °C). Recently, hydrothermal treatment of colloidal TiO2 suspensions has been shown to produce quality crystalline products at low temperatures (<250 °C). In this paper we extend this idea utilising a direct microwave heating source. A comparison between convection and microwave hydrothermal treatment of colloidal TiO2 is presented. The resulting highly crystalline TiO2 colloids were characterised using Raman spectroscopy, XRD, TEM, and electron diffraction. The results show that the microwave treatment of colloidal TiO2 gives comparable increases in crystallinity with respect to normal hydrothermal treatments while requiring significantly less time and energy than the hydrothermal convection treatment.

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ID Code: 23628
Item Type: Journal Article
Additional URLs:
DOI: 10.1039/b200053a
ISSN: 0959-9428
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > CHEMICAL SCIENCE (030000) > MACROMOLECULAR AND MATERIALS CHEMISTRY (030300)
Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > CHEMICAL SCIENCE (030000) > PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY (INCL. STRUCTURAL) (030600)
Divisions: Past > QUT Faculties & Divisions > Faculty of Science and Technology
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2002 Royal Society of Chemistry
Deposited On: 18 Jun 2009 00:02
Last Modified: 03 Sep 2009 09:29

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