Financing Creative Industries in Developing Country Contexts, a report prepared for United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD) XI, High level Panel on Creative Industries and Development, June 2004 Sao Paulo Brazil
Cunningham, Stuart, Ryan, Mark David, Keane, Michael, & Ordonez, Diego (2004) Financing Creative Industries in Developing Country Contexts, a report prepared for United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD) XI, High level Panel on Creative Industries and Development, June 2004 Sao Paulo Brazil. UNCTAD.
In this paper we address some issues of financing for creative industries in developing countries, including the relationship between financial investment and best practice. The discussion illustrates how different modes of finance are adopted – or how they might be employed to develop sustainable and export orientated creative industries. In addition, we touch upon the larger and more difficult question of why cultural products and services from developing countries struggle to make an impression in global markets.
Three regions of the globe offer important and different lessons. These are the People’s Republic of China, Latin America, and Indigenous Australia. Examples from these specific ‘regions’ include the commercial mass media (exemplifying economies of scale and quality) as well as smaller innovative niche markets (illustrating unique and distinctive inputs). In defining the scope of our discussion we acknowledge sectors identified by the UNCTAD XI High Level Panel on Creative Industries and Development as the core creative industries, namely: motion picture industry, the recording industry, music, publishing, books, journal and newspaper publishing, computer software industry, music and theatre production, photography, commercial art and display, radio, television, and cable broadcasting industries (UNCTAD 2004). It should be made clear at the outset, however, that this discussion does not claim to represent a comprehensive survey of creative industries financing in what are highly differentiated global regions.
This paper is organised as follows: First, we introduce some key issues in relation to financing creative industries in developing countries, including a basic value chain framework. The first section also provides a typology of the cultural sectors in relation to developing country contexts. This is followed by a snapshot of the kinds of markets that currently exist. The second section is a discussion of barriers to development and modes of finance currently being utilised or contemplated.
In the third section we examine specific case studies (from China, Latin America, and Indigenous Australia) that illustrate the following:
￬ Shifts from a state-centred to a mixed financing model (China); ￬ Reliance on foreign finance leading to weaknesses in value chain and how private partnerships can overcome systemic distribution barriers (Latin America); and ￬ Hurdles facing micro-financing models and lessons for developing international niche markets (Indigenous Australia).
This is followed by a synthesis of the findings of this study.
Impact and interest:
Citation counts are sourced monthly from and citation databases.
These databases contain citations from different subsets of available publications and different time periods and thus the citation count from each is usually different. Some works are not in either database and no count is displayed. Scopus includes citations from articles published in 1996 onwards, and Web of Science® generally from 1980 onwards.
Citations counts from theindexing service can be viewed at the linked Google Scholar™ search.
Full-text downloads displays the total number of times this work’s files (e.g., a PDF) have been downloaded from QUT ePrints as well as the number of downloads in the previous 365 days. The count includes downloads for all files if a work has more than one.
|Additional Information:||This commissioned research was published on a CD ROM by UNCTAD, the UN agency based in Geneva.|
|Keywords:||Financing Creative Industries, Developing Countries, China, Brazil, Indigenous Australian Art, Mark Ryan|
|Subjects:||Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > STUDIES IN CREATIVE ARTS AND WRITING (190000) > VISUAL ARTS AND CRAFTS (190500)
Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > LANGUAGES COMMUNICATION AND CULTURE (200000) > CULTURAL STUDIES (200200) > Multicultural Intercultural and Cross-cultural Studies (200209)
Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > STUDIES IN CREATIVE ARTS AND WRITING (190000) > JOURNALISM AND PROFESSIONAL WRITING (190300)
|Divisions:||Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Creative Industries Faculty|
|Copyright Owner:||Copyright 2004 (please consult author)|
|Deposited On:||11 Nov 2005 00:00|
|Last Modified:||04 Sep 2014 23:24|
Repository Staff Only: item control page