On the efficiency of impingers with fritted nozzle tip for collection of ultrafine particles
Miljevic, Branka, Modini, Robin L., Bottle, Steven, & Ristovski, Zoran (2009) On the efficiency of impingers with fritted nozzle tip for collection of ultrafine particles. Atmospheric Environment, 43(6), pp. 1372-1376.
The aim of this study was to determine the collection efficiency of ultrafine particles into an impinger fitted with a fritted nozzle tip as a means to increase contact surface area between the aerosol and the liquid. The influence of liquid sampling volume, frit porosity and the nature of the sampling liquid was explored and it was shown that all impact on the collection efficiency of particles smaller than 220 nm. Obtained values for overall collection efficiency were substantially higher (~30–95%) than have been previously reported, mainly due to the high deposition of particles in the fritted nozzle tip, especially in case of finer porosity frits and smaller particles. Values for the capture efficiency of the solvent alone ranged from 20 to 45%, depending on the type and the volume of solvent. Additionally, our results show that airstream dispersion into bubbles improves particle trapping by the liquid and that there is a difference in collection efficiencies based on the nature and volume of the solvent used.
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