From the consciousness industry to the creative industries : consumer-created content, social network markets, & the growth of knowledge
Hartley, John (2009) From the consciousness industry to the creative industries : consumer-created content, social network markets, & the growth of knowledge. In Media Industries : History, Theory & Method. Wiley-Blackwell, Malden MA & Oxford, pp. 231-244.
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In studies of media industries, too much attention has been paid to providers and firms, too little to consumers and markets. But with user-created content, the question first posed more than a generation ago by the uses & gratifications method and taken up by semiotics and the active audience tradition (‘what do audiences do with media?’), has resurfaced with renewed force. What’s new is that where this question (of what the media industries and audiences did with each other) used to be individualist and functionalist, now, with the advent of social networks using Web 2.0 affordances, it can be re-posed at the level of systems and populations as well.
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