Too young to drink but old enough to drive under the influence : a study of underage offenders as seen in substance abuse treatment in Texas

Maxwell, Jane C., Freeman, James E., & Davey, Jeremy D. (2009) Too young to drink but old enough to drive under the influence : a study of underage offenders as seen in substance abuse treatment in Texas. Drug and Alcohol Dependence, 104(1-2), pp. 107-112.

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Driving under the influence (DUI) is a major road safety problem. Historically, alcohol has been assumed to play a larger role in crashes and DUI education programs have reflected this assumption, although recent evidence suggests that younger drivers are becoming more likely to drive drugged than to drive drunk. This is a study of 7096 Texas clients under age 21 who were admitted to state-funded treatment programs between 1997 and 2007 with a past-year DUI arrest, DUI probation, or DUI referral. Data were obtained from the State’s administrative dataset. Multivariate logistic regressions models were used to understand the differences between those minors entering treatment as a DUI as compared to a non-DUI as well as the risks for completing treatment and for being abstinent in the month prior to follow-up. A major finding was that over time, the primary problem for underage DUI drivers changed from alcohol to marijuana. Being abstinent in the month prior to discharge, having a primary problem with alcohol rather than another drug, and having more family involved were the strongest predictors of treatment completion. Living in a household where the client was exposed to alcohol abuse or drug use, having been in residential treatment, and having more drug and alcohol and family problems were the strongest predictors of not being abstinent at follow-up. As a result, there is a need to direct more attention towards meeting the needs of the young DUI population through programs that address drug as well as alcohol consumption problems.

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8 citations in Scopus
7 citations in Web of Science®
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ID Code: 26143
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
Additional URLs:
Keywords: driving under the influence, drunk driving, drugged driving, minors, underage drivers
DOI: 10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2009.04.009
ISSN: 0376-8716
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > COMMERCE MANAGEMENT TOURISM AND SERVICES (150000) > TRANSPORTATION AND FREIGHT SERVICES (150700) > Road Transportation and Freight Services (150703)
Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > STUDIES IN HUMAN SOCIETY (160000) > SOCIAL WORK (160700)
Divisions: Current > Research Centres > Centre for Accident Research & Road Safety - Qld (CARRS-Q)
Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Faculty of Health
Current > Institutes > Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation
Current > Schools > School of Psychology & Counselling
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2009 Elsevier
Deposited On: 31 Jul 2009 01:02
Last Modified: 29 Feb 2012 13:55

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