Washout hole for bi-ventricular assist device (BVAD) centrifugal blood pump

Tan, Andy C. C., Sin, Dong-Choon, & Kelson, Neil A. (2006) Washout hole for bi-ventricular assist device (BVAD) centrifugal blood pump. Artificial Organs, 30(11), A41-A41.

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The shortage of donor hearts for patients with end stage heart failure has accelerated the development of ventricular assist devices (VAD) that act as a replacement heart. Mechanical devices involving pulsatile, axial and centrifugal devices have been proposed. Recent clinical developments indicate that centrifugal devices are not only beneficial for bridge to transplantation applications, but may also aid myocardial recovery. The results of a recent study have shown that patients who received a VAD have extended lives and improved quality of life compared to recipients of drug therapy. Unfortunately 25% of these patients develop right heart failure syndrome, sepsis and multi-organ failure. It was reported that 17% of patients initially receiving an LVAD later required a right ventricular assist device (RVAD). Hence, current research focus is in the development of a bi-ventricular assist device (BVAD). Current BVAD technology is either too bulky or necessitates having to implant two pumps working independently. The latter requires two different controllers for each pump leading to the potential complication of uneven flow dynamics and the requirements for a large amount of body space. This paper illustrates the combination of the LVAD and RVAD as one complete device to augment the function of both the left and right cardiac chambers with double impellers. The proposed device has two impellers rotating in counter directions, hence eliminating the necessity of the body muscles and tubing/heart connection to restrain the pump. The device will also have two separate chambers with independent rotating impeller for the left and right chambers. A problem with centrifugal impellers is the fluid stagnation underneath the impeller. This leads to thrombosis and blood clots.This paper presents the design, construction and location of washout hole to prevent thrombus for a Bi-VAD centrifugal pump. Results using CFD will be used to illustrate the superiority of our design concept in terms of preventing thrombus formation and hemolysis.

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ID Code: 26524
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
Additional Information: Artificial Organs journal publication of abstract from 14th Congress of the International Society for Rotary Blood Pumps, August 31 - September 2, 2006, Leuven, Belgium.
Additional URLs:
ISSN: 0160-564X
Divisions: Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Division of Technology, Information and Library Services
Past > QUT Faculties & Divisions > Faculty of Built Environment and Engineering
Current > Research Centres > High Performance Computing and Research Support
Deposited On: 28 Jul 2009 03:02
Last Modified: 18 Mar 2011 02:41

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