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Post-traumatic stress disorder in response to HIV infection

Kelly, Brian , Raphael, Beverley , Judd, Fiona , Perdices, Michael , Kernutt, Graeme J. , Burnett, Paul C., Dunne, M., & Burrows, Graham (1998) Post-traumatic stress disorder in response to HIV infection. General Hospital Psychiatry, 20(6), pp. 345-352.

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Abstract

This study investigated the psychological impact of HIV infection through assessment of posttraumatic stress disorder in response to HIV infection. Sixty-one HIV-positive homosexual/bisexual men were assessed for posttraumatic stress disorder in response to HIV infection (PTSD-HIV) using a modified PTSD module of the DIS-III-R. Thirty percent met criteria for a syndrome of posttraumatic stress disorder in response to HIV diagnosis (PTSD-HIV). In over one-third of the PTSD cases, the disorder had an onset greater than 6 months after initial HIV infection diagnosis. PTSD-HIV was associated with other psychiatric diagnoses, particularly the development of first episodes of major depression after HIV infection diagnosis. PTSD-HIV was significantly associated with a pre-HIV history of PTSD from other causes, and other pre-HIV psychiatric disorders and neuroticism scores, indicating a similarity with findings in studies of PTSD from other causes. The findings from this preliminary study suggest that a PTSD response to HIV diagnosis has clinical validity and requires further investigation in this population and other medically ill groups. The results support the inclusion of the diagnosis of life-threatening illness as a traumatic incident that may lead to a posttraumatic stress disorder, which is consistent with the DSM-IV criteria.

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ID Code: 27122
Item Type: Journal Article
Additional URLs:
Keywords: Posttraumatic Stress Disorder, HIV infection, Psychological Impact
DOI: 10.1016/S0163-8343(98)00042-5
ISSN: 0163-8343
Divisions: Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Division of Research and Commercialisation
Copyright Owner: Copyright 1998 Elsevier
Deposited On: 31 Aug 2009 08:39
Last Modified: 11 Aug 2011 03:00

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