Post-traumatic stress disorder in response to HIV infection

Kelly, Brian , Raphael, Beverley, Judd, Fiona, Perdices, Michael, Kernutt, Graeme J., Burnett, Paul C., Dunne, M., & Burrows, Graham (1998) Post-traumatic stress disorder in response to HIV infection. General Hospital Psychiatry, 20(6), pp. 345-352.

View at publisher


This study investigated the psychological impact of HIV infection through assessment of posttraumatic stress disorder in response to HIV infection. Sixty-one HIV-positive homosexual/bisexual men were assessed for posttraumatic stress disorder in response to HIV infection (PTSD-HIV) using a modified PTSD module of the DIS-III-R. Thirty percent met criteria for a syndrome of posttraumatic stress disorder in response to HIV diagnosis (PTSD-HIV). In over one-third of the PTSD cases, the disorder had an onset greater than 6 months after initial HIV infection diagnosis. PTSD-HIV was associated with other psychiatric diagnoses, particularly the development of first episodes of major depression after HIV infection diagnosis. PTSD-HIV was significantly associated with a pre-HIV history of PTSD from other causes, and other pre-HIV psychiatric disorders and neuroticism scores, indicating a similarity with findings in studies of PTSD from other causes. The findings from this preliminary study suggest that a PTSD response to HIV diagnosis has clinical validity and requires further investigation in this population and other medically ill groups. The results support the inclusion of the diagnosis of life-threatening illness as a traumatic incident that may lead to a posttraumatic stress disorder, which is consistent with the DSM-IV criteria.

Impact and interest:

105 citations in Scopus
82 citations in Web of Science®
Search Google Scholar™

Citation counts are sourced monthly from Scopus and Web of Science® citation databases.

These databases contain citations from different subsets of available publications and different time periods and thus the citation count from each is usually different. Some works are not in either database and no count is displayed. Scopus includes citations from articles published in 1996 onwards, and Web of Science® generally from 1980 onwards.

Citations counts from the Google Scholar™ indexing service can be viewed at the linked Google Scholar™ search.

ID Code: 27122
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
Additional URLs:
Keywords: Posttraumatic Stress Disorder, HIV infection, Psychological Impact
DOI: 10.1016/S0163-8343(98)00042-5
ISSN: 0163-8343
Divisions: Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Division of Research and Commercialisation
Copyright Owner: Copyright 1998 Elsevier
Deposited On: 30 Aug 2009 22:39
Last Modified: 10 Aug 2011 17:00

Export: EndNote | Dublin Core | BibTeX

Repository Staff Only: item control page