Why is there a gender gap in children presenting for Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder services?

Ohan, Jeneva & Visser, Troy (2009) Why is there a gender gap in children presenting for Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder services? Journal of Clinical Child & Adolescent Psychology, 38(5), pp. 650-660.

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This study addressed why girls are less likely to be referred for mental health services for attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) than boys. Ninety-six parents of children with elevated ADHD symptoms and 140 elementary school teachers read vignettes about children with ADHD. Half of the participants read vignettes with boys' names, and half read the same vignettes but with girls' names. Participants then rated their likeliness to seek or recommend services for the child in each vignette. Parents and teachers were less likely to seek or recommend services for girls than boys with ADHD, but results did not support the hypothesis that this is because girls are less disruptive than boys. Rather, differences in service seeking were explained by the fact that parents and teachers believed that learning assistance is less effective for girls than boys with ADHD.

Impact and interest:

15 citations in Scopus
14 citations in Web of Science®
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ID Code: 28215
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
Additional URLs:
Keywords: Attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder, gender gap, children, mental health services
DOI: 10.1080/15374410903103627
ISSN: 1537-4416
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > PSYCHOLOGY AND COGNITIVE SCIENCES (170000) > PSYCHOLOGY (170100) > Health Clinical and Counselling Psychology (170106)
Divisions: Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Faculty of Health
Deposited On: 27 Oct 2009 03:41
Last Modified: 09 Jul 2017 11:01

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