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Corneal optics after reading, microscopy and computer work

Collins, Michael J., Buehren, Tobias F., Bece, Andrej, & Voetz, Stephanie C. (2006) Corneal optics after reading, microscopy and computer work. Acta Ophthalmologica Scandinavica, 84(2), pp. 216-224.

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Abstract

Purpose: To compare lid-induced changes in corneal optics following reading, microscopy and computer work.
Methods: Nine subjects with normal ocular health were recruited for the study. Five subjects were myopic, two were emmetropic, one was astigmatic and one was hyperopic. Corneal topography was measured before and after 60 mins of reading a novel, performing a blood cell counting task on a microscope and Internet searching. Corneal topography data were used to derive the corneal wavefront Zernike coefficients up to the fourth order. A meridian analysis of instantaneous corneal power along the upper 90-degree semi-meridian was performed to examine local changes caused by eyelid pressure. Digital photography was used to capture body posture and eyelid position during the tasks.
Results: Each of the three tasks showed systematically different effects on both the characteristics and location of corneal topography changes. Reading and microscopy generally exhibited larger and more centrally located changes compared with the computer task. Differences in wavefront aberration characteristics between the three tasks were apparent in both lower and higher order aberrations. The location of corneal distortions differed significantly between microscopy and computer work, with microscopy causing distortions to occur closer to the videokeratoscope measurement axis compared with computer work (p = 0.015).
Conclusions: Reading, microscopy and computer work have different effects on corneal aberrations. The results are in agreement with the hypothesis that lidinduced corneal aberrations may play a role in myopia development.

Impact and interest:

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22 citations in Web of Science®

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ID Code: 2834
Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Contact Michael Collins (m.collins@qut.edu.au) for a copy of the paper.
Keywords: corneal optics, corneal topography, near tasks, lid forces, myopia
DOI: 10.1111/j.1600-0420.2005.00547.x
ISSN: 1395-3907
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES (110000) > OPTOMETRY AND OPHTHALMOLOGY (111300) > Vision Science (111303)
Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES (110000) > OPTOMETRY AND OPHTHALMOLOGY (111300) > Optical Technology (111302)
Divisions: Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Faculty of Health
Current > Institutes > Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2006 Blackwell Publishing
Copyright Statement: The definitive version is available at www.blackwell-synergy.com
Deposited On: 16 May 2006
Last Modified: 29 Feb 2012 23:23

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