Increasing stochastic perturbations enhances acquisition and learning of complex sport movements
Schollhorn, Wolfgang, Michelbrink, Maren, Welminsiki, Daniela, & Davids, Keith W. (2009) Increasing stochastic perturbations enhances acquisition and learning of complex sport movements. In Araujo, Duarte, Ripoll, Hubert, & Raab, Markus (Eds.) Perspectives on Cognition and Action in Sport. Nova Science Publishers, Inc., Suffolk, United States of America, 59 -73.
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Traditionally, the aquisition of skills and sport movement has been characterised by numerous repetitions of presumed model movement pattern to be acquired by learners. This approach has been questioned by research identifying the presence of individualised movement patterns and the low probability of occurrence of two identical movements within and between individuals. In contrast, the differential learning approach claims advantage for incurring variability in the learning process by adding stochastic perturbations during practice. These ideas are exemplified by data from a high jump experiment which compared the effectiveness of classical and a differential training approach with pre-post test design. Results showed clear advantages for the group with additional stochastic perturbation during the aquisition phase in comparison to classically trained athletes. Analogies to similar phenomenological effects in the neurobiological literature are discussed.
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|Item Type:||Book Chapter|
|Additional Information:||Book Description: There has been considerable debate on sport psychology about the status and the function of cognition and action in sport. This debate is very relevant since there was a refinement of the different positions, and there were several attempts to integrate apparently contrasting perspectives. A main goal of this book is to put the links between cognition, perception and action into the discussion both oriented towards theory and practice, and thus, cast a new look on cognition and action in sport. The book is organized in three sections. Section I discusses the organization of action attending to its dynamics and complexity. It shows how multiple levels of complexity are involved in performance and learning. Section II discusses not only what is knowledge, but also how athletes use it during performance. Section III presents different perspectives about judgment and decision-making as well as applications to training. Table of Contents: Preface Contributors Section 1: Complex systems approach to situated action in sport 1. The organization of action in complex neurobiological systems pp. 1-13 (Keith Davids, Queensland University of Technology, Australia) 2. Catching two visual systems at once: Ventral and dorsal system contributions in the visual regulation of human movement pp. 15-25 (Geert Savelsbergh, VU University Amsterdam, The Netherlands; John van der Kamp, VU University Amsterdam, The Netherlands) 3. Interpersonal Coordination Tendencies, Decision-making and Information Governing Dynamics in Rugby Union pp.27-42 (Pedro Passos, Technical University of Lisbon, Portugal; Duarte Araújo, Technical University of Lisbon, Portugal; Keith Davids, Queensland University of Technology; Luís Gouveia, University of Lisbson, Portugal; João Milho, Lusofona University of Humanities and Technologies, Portugal; Sidónio Serpa, Technical University of Lisbon, Portugal) 4. Information for regulating action in sport: Metastability and emergence of tactical solutions under ecological constraints pp. 43-57 (Robert Hristovski, University of St. Cyril and Methodius, Republic of Macedonia; Keith Davids, Queensland University of Technology; Duarte Araújo, Technical University of Lisbon, Portugal) 5. Increasing stochastic perturbations enhances acquisition and learning of complex sport movements pp. 59-73 (Wolfgang Schöllhorn and Maren Michelbrink, University of Mainz, Germany; Daniela Welminsiki, University of Munster, Germany; Keith Davids, Queensland University of Technology, Australia) 6. Levels of complexity in performance pp. 75-85 (Beatrix Vereijken, Norweigian University and Science Technology, Norway) Section 2: What is the influence of knowledge on player’s behaviour? 7. What is the influence of knowledge on player’s behaviour? pp. 89-93 (Hubert Ripoll, Aix-Marseille Universities, France) 8. Some Constraints on Recognition Performance in Soccer pp.95-107 (Mark Williams, Liverpool John Moores University, England; Jamie S. North, Liverpool John Moores University, England) 9. Knowledge of Athletes as Cues for Simple Choices pp. 109-117 (Jörn Köppen, German Sport University, Cologne, Germany; Markus Raab, German Sport University, Cologne, Germany) 10. How does knowledge constrain sport performance? An ecological perspective pp. 119-131 (Duarte Araújo, Rita Cordovil, João Ribeiro, Technical University of Lisbon, Portugal; Keith Davids, Queensland University of Technology, Australia; Orlando Fernandes, University of Evora, Portugal) 11. Extending the Rather Unnoticed Gibsonian View that ‘Perception is Cognitive’: Development of the Enactive Approach to Perceptual-Cognitive Expertise pp. 133-146 (Eric Laurent, Universite de Franche-Comte, France; Hubert Ripoll, Université de la Méditerranée, Marseille, France) Section 3: Judgment and Decision Making in Sport and Exercise 12. Judgment and Decision Making in Sport and Exercise: A Concise History and Present and Future Perspectives pp.149-156 (Michael Bar-Eli, Ben-Gurion Univ. of the Negev, Beer Sheva, Israel; Markus Raab, German Sport University Cologne, Germany) 13. The development of decision making skill in sport: an ecological dynamics perspective pp.157-169 (Duarte Araújo, Technical University of Lisbon, Portugal; Keith Davids, Queensland University of Technology, Australia; Jia Yi Chow, Nanyang Technological University, China; Pedro Passos, Technical University of Lisbon, Portugal) 14. Cognitive models of athlete decision making pp. 171-180 (Joseph G. Johnson, Miami University, USA) 15. Conceptual considerations about the development of a decision-making training method for expert soccer referees. pp. 181-190 (Ralf Brand, University of Potsdam, Germany; Henning Plessner, University of Leipzig, Germany; Geoffrey Schweizer, University of Potsdam, Germany) 16. The Quiet Eye as a factor in Decision Making in Motor Performance pp. 191-209 (Joan Vickers, University of Calgary, Canada) 17. The Role of Attention and Movement Variability in the Production of Skilled Performance pp. 207-221 (William M. Land; Gershon Tenenbaum, Florida State University, USA)|
|Keywords:||Noise, Variability, Complexity, Coordination, Learning|
|Subjects:||Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES (110000) > HUMAN MOVEMENT AND SPORTS SCIENCE (110600) > Motor Control (110603)|
|Divisions:||Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Faculty of Health|
Current > Institutes > Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation
Current > Schools > School of Exercise & Nutrition Sciences
|Copyright Owner:||Copyright 2009 Nova Science Publishers, Inc.|
|Deposited On:||11 Nov 2009 09:41|
|Last Modified:||29 Feb 2012 23:57|
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