Increasing stochastic perturbations enhances acquisition and learning of complex sport movements
Schollhorn, Wolfgang, Michelbrink, Maren, Welminsiki, Daniela, & Davids, Keith W. (2009) Increasing stochastic perturbations enhances acquisition and learning of complex sport movements. In Araujo, Duarte, Ripoll, Hubert, & Raab, Markus (Eds.) Perspectives on Cognition and Action in Sport. Nova Science Publishers, Inc., Suffolk, United States of America, 59 -73.
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Traditionally, the aquisition of skills and sport movement has been characterised by numerous repetitions of presumed model movement pattern to be acquired by learners. This approach has been questioned by research identifying the presence of individualised movement patterns and the low probability of occurrence of two identical movements within and between individuals. In contrast, the differential learning approach claims advantage for incurring variability in the learning process by adding stochastic perturbations during practice. These ideas are exemplified by data from a high jump experiment which compared the effectiveness of classical and a differential training approach with pre-post test design. Results showed clear advantages for the group with additional stochastic perturbation during the aquisition phase in comparison to classically trained athletes. Analogies to similar phenomenological effects in the neurobiological literature are discussed.
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|Item Type:||Book Chapter|
Table of Contents:
1. The organization of action in complex neurobiological systems pp. 1-13
2. Catching two visual systems at once: Ventral and dorsal system contributions in the visual regulation of human movement pp. 15-25
3. Interpersonal Coordination Tendencies, Decision-making and Information Governing Dynamics in Rugby Union pp.27-42
4. Information for regulating action in sport: Metastability and emergence of tactical solutions under ecological constraints pp. 43-57
5. Increasing stochastic perturbations enhances acquisition and learning of complex sport movements pp. 59-73
6. Levels of complexity in performance pp. 75-85
7. What is the influence of knowledge on player’s behaviour? pp. 89-93
8. Some Constraints on Recognition Performance in Soccer pp.95-107
9. Knowledge of Athletes as Cues for Simple Choices pp. 109-117
10. How does knowledge constrain sport performance? An ecological perspective pp. 119-131
11. Extending the Rather Unnoticed Gibsonian View that ‘Perception is Cognitive’: Development of the Enactive Approach to Perceptual-Cognitive Expertise pp. 133-146
12. Judgment and Decision Making in Sport and Exercise: A Concise History and Present and Future Perspectives pp.149-156
13. The development of decision making skill in sport: an ecological dynamics perspective pp.157-169
14. Cognitive models of athlete decision making pp. 171-180
15. Conceptual considerations about the development of a decision-making training method for expert soccer referees. pp. 181-190
16. The Quiet Eye as a factor in Decision Making in Motor Performance pp. 191-209
17. The Role of Attention and Movement Variability in the Production of Skilled Performance pp. 207-221
|Keywords:||Noise, Variability, Complexity, Coordination, Learning|
|Subjects:||Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES (110000) > HUMAN MOVEMENT AND SPORTS SCIENCE (110600) > Motor Control (110603)|
|Divisions:||Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Faculty of Health
Current > Institutes > Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation
Current > Schools > School of Exercise & Nutrition Sciences
|Copyright Owner:||Copyright 2009 Nova Science Publishers, Inc.|
|Deposited On:||10 Nov 2009 23:41|
|Last Modified:||09 Aug 2016 14:42|
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