External pressure in the hardening of phosphate in tribofilm on iron surfaces
Pawlak, Z., Yarlagadda, P. K., Hargreaves, D., Frost, R. L., Rauckyte, T., & Zak, S. (2009) External pressure in the hardening of phosphate in tribofilm on iron surfaces. Journal of Achievements in Materials and Manufacturing Engineering, 33(1), pp. 35-40.
Purpose: In the present work we consider our (in progress) spectroscopy study of zinc and iron phosphates under the influence external high pressure to determine zinc ion change coordination from tetrahedral to octahedral (or hexahedral) structure.----- Design/methodology/approach: The standard equipment is the optical high pressure cell with diamond (DAC). The DAC is assembled and then vibrational or electronic spectra are collected by mounting the cell in an infrared, Raman, EXAFS or UV-visible spectrometer.----- Findings: Mechanism by which zinc and iron methaphosphate material is transformed to glassy meta-phosphate is enhancing mechanical properties of tribofilm. The two decades of intensive study demonstrates that Zn (II) and Fe (III) ions participate to cross-link network under friction, hardening the phosphate.----- Research limitations/implications: Transition metal atoms with d orbital have flexible coordination numbers, for example zinc acts as a cross-linking agent increasing hardness, by changing coordination from tetrahedral to octahedral. Perhaps the external pressure effect on the [Zn–(O-P-)4 ] complex causes a transformation to an [Zn –(O-P-)6] grouping.----- Originality/value: This paper analyses high-pressure spectroscopy which has been applied for the investigation of 3D transition metal ions in solids. When studying pressure effects on coordination compounds structure, we can expect changes in ground electronic state (spin-crossovers), electronic spectra due to structural distortions (piezochromism), and changes in the ligand field causing shifts in the electronic transitions.
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|Item Type:||Journal Article|
|Additional Information:||The contents of this journal can be freely accessed via the journal's website (see Official URL).|
|Keywords:||Antiwear additives, Hardness, External pressure, Transition metals, Flexible coordination number, Spectroscopy|
|Subjects:||Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > CHEMICAL SCIENCE (030000) > PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY (INCL. STRUCTURAL) (030600) > Structural Chemistry and Spectroscopy (030606)|
|Divisions:||Past > QUT Faculties & Divisions > Faculty of Built Environment and Engineering
Past > QUT Faculties & Divisions > Faculty of Science and Technology
Past > Schools > School of Engineering Systems
Past > Schools > School of Physical & Chemical Sciences
|Copyright Owner:||Copyright 2009 International OCSCO World Press|
|Deposited On:||19 Nov 2009 00:12|
|Last Modified:||29 Feb 2012 13:54|
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