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Understanding the psychosocial factors influencing the risky behaviour of young drivers

Scott-Parker, Bridie, Watson, Barry, & King, Mark J. (2009) Understanding the psychosocial factors influencing the risky behaviour of young drivers. Transportation Research. Part F: Traffic Psychology and Behaviour, 12(6), pp. 470-482.

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Abstract

Young people aged 17–24 years are at high risk of being killed in road crashes around the world. Road safety interventions consider some influences upon young driver behaviour; for example, imposing passenger restrictions on young novice drivers indirectly minimises the potential negative social influences of peers as passengers. To change young driver risky behaviour, the multitude of psychosocial influences upon its initiation and maintenance must be identified. A study questionnaire was developed to investigate the relationships between risky driving and Akers’ social learning theory, social identity theory, and thrill seeking variables. The questionnaire was completed by 165 participants (105 women,60 men) residing in south-east Queensland, Australia. The sociodemographic variables of age, gender, and exposure explained 19% of the variance in self-reported risky driving behaviour, whilst Akers’ social learning variables explained an additional 42%. Thrill seeking and social identity variables did not explain any significant additional variance. Significant predictors of risky driving included imitation of the driving behaviours of, and anticipated rewards and punishments administered by, parents and peers. Road safety policy that directly considers and incorporates these factors in their design, implementation, and enforcement of young driver road safety interventions should prove more efficacious than current approaches.

Impact and interest:

30 citations in Scopus
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26 citations in Web of Science®

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ID Code: 28751
Item Type: Journal Article
Keywords: young drivers, social learning theory, peers, parents, sensation seeking, social identity
DOI: 10.1016/j.trf.2009.08.003
ISSN: 1369-8478
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > COMMERCE MANAGEMENT TOURISM AND SERVICES (150000) > TRANSPORTATION AND FREIGHT SERVICES (150700) > Road Transportation and Freight Services (150703)
Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > PSYCHOLOGY AND COGNITIVE SCIENCES (170000) > PSYCHOLOGY (170100) > Psychology not elsewhere classified (170199)
Divisions: Current > Research Centres > Centre for Accident Research & Road Safety - Qld (CARRS-Q)
Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Faculty of Health
Current > Institutes > Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation
Current > Schools > School of Psychology & Counselling
Copyright Owner: Copyright © 2009 Elsevier Ltd All rights reserved.
Deposited On: 23 Nov 2009 11:49
Last Modified: 01 Mar 2012 00:02

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