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Longitudinal patterns of weight in women diagnosed with breast cancer [Conference Abstract]

Milne, Jillian, Battistutta, Diana, Newman, Beth M., & Hayes, Sandi (2009) Longitudinal patterns of weight in women diagnosed with breast cancer [Conference Abstract]. In Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Oncology [Special Issue: Abstracts of the 36th Annual Scientific Meeting, Clinical Oncological Society of Australia], Wiley-Blackwell Publishing Ltd., Gold Coast Convention Centre, Gold Coast, Queensland, A236-A237.

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Abstract

Introduction: Weight gain is a common concern following breast cancer and has been associated with negative health outcomes. As such, prevention of weight gain is of clinical interest. This work describes weight change between 6- and 18-months following a breast cancer diagnosis and explores the personal, treatment and behavioural characteristics associated with gains in weight.

Methods: Body mass index was objectively assessed, at three-monthly intervals, on a population-based sample of women newly diagnosed with unilateral breast cancer (n=185). Changes in BMI between 6- and 18-months post-diagnosis were calculated, with gains of one or more being considered clinically detrimental to future health.

Results: Approximately 60% of participants were overweight or obese at 6-months post-diagnosis. While BMI remained relatively stable across the testing period (range=27.3-27.8), 24% of participants experienced clinically relevant gains in BMI (median gains=1.9). Following adjustment for potential confounders, younger age (<45 years; Odds ratio, OR=9.8), being morbidly obese at baseline (OR=4.6) and receiving hormone therapy (OR=4.8) were characteristics associated with an increased odds (p<0.05) of gaining BMI. Other characteristics associated with gains in BMI were more extensive surgery and having a history of smoking, although these relationships were not supported statistically. In contrast, caring for younger children was associated with reduced risk of gaining BMI (OR=0.3, p=0.20).

Conclusions: Clinically relevant weight gain between 6- and 18-months post-breast cancer diagnosis is an issue for one in four women, with certain subgroups being particularly susceptible. However, the majority of women diagnosed with breast cancer are overweight or obese and gains in body weight are common. Thus, interventions that address the importance of achieving and sustaining a healthy body weight, delivered to all women with breast cancer, may have greater public health impact than interventions targeting any specific breast cancer subgroup.

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ID Code: 28758
Item Type: Conference Paper
Keywords: weight gain, breast cancer
DOI: 10.1111/j.1743-7563.2009.01252.x
ISSN: 1743-7555
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES (110000) > ONCOLOGY AND CARCINOGENESIS (111200)
Divisions: Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Faculty of Health
Current > Institutes > Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation
Current > Schools > School of Public Health & Social Work
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2009 Please consult the authors
Deposited On: 23 Nov 2009 12:55
Last Modified: 07 Jun 2012 11:24

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