The family attitude scale : reliability and validity of a new scale for measuring the emotional climate of families

Kavanagh, David J., O'Halloran, Paul, Manicavasagar, Vijaya, Clark, Dianne, Piatkowska, Olga, Tennant, Christopher, & Rosenberg, Alan (1997) The family attitude scale : reliability and validity of a new scale for measuring the emotional climate of families. Psychiatry Research, 70(3), pp. 185-195.

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Research on outcomes from psychiatric disorders has highlighted the importance of expressed emotion (EE), but its cost-effective measurement remains a challenge. This article describes development of the Family Attitude Scale (FAS), a 30-item instrument that can be completed by any informant. Its psychometric characteristics are reported in parents of undergraduate students and in 70 families with a schizophrenic member. The total FAS had high internal consistency in all samples, and reports of angry behaviour in FAS items showed acceptable inter-rater agreement. The FAS was associated with the reported anger, anger expression and anxiety of respondents. Substantial associations between the parents' FAS and the anger and anger expression of students was also observed. Parents of schizophrenic patients had higher FAS scores than parents of students, and the FAS was higher if disorder duration was longer or patient functioning was poorer. Hostility, high criticism and low warmth on the Camberwell Family Interview (CFI) were associated with a more negative FAS. The highest FAS in the family was a good predictor of a highly critical environment on the CFI. The FAS is a reliable and valid indicator of relationship stress and expressed anger that has wide applicability.

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46 citations in Web of Science®
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ID Code: 28944
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
Keywords: Questionnaire, Assessment, Criticism, Expressed emotion
DOI: 10.1016/S0165-1781(97)00033-4
ISSN: 01651781
Divisions: Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Faculty of Health
Current > Institutes > Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation
Current > Schools > School of Psychology & Counselling
Deposited On: 27 Nov 2009 00:46
Last Modified: 10 Aug 2011 17:48

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