Mechanisms of improvement in treatment for depression : test of a self-efficacy and performance model

Usaf, Shenzi & Kavanagh, David J. (1990) Mechanisms of improvement in treatment for depression : test of a self-efficacy and performance model. Journal of Cognitive Psychotherapy, 4(1), pp. 51-70.


Tested D. J. Kavanagh's (1983) depression model's explanation of response to cognitive-behavioral treatment among 19 20–60 yr old Ss who received treatment and 24 age-matched Ss who were assigned to a waiting list. Measures included the Beck Depression Inventory and self-efficacy (SE) and self-monitoring scales. Rises in SE and self-monitored performance of targeted skills were closely associated with the improved depression scores of treated Ss. Improvements in the depression of waiting list Ss occurred through random, uncontrolled events rather than via a systematic increase in specific skills targeted in treatment. SE regarding assertion also predicted depression scores over a 12-wk follow-up.

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ID Code: 28947
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
Additional URLs:
Keywords: Achievement, Cognitive therapy, Emotional states, Major depression, Self efficacy, Models
ISSN: 0889-8391
Divisions: Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Faculty of Health
Current > Institutes > Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation
Current > Schools > School of Psychology & Counselling
Copyright Owner: Copyright 1990 Springer Publishing Company
Deposited On: 26 Nov 2009 05:29
Last Modified: 10 Aug 2011 18:00

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