Simultaneous kinetic-spectrophotometric determination of maltol and ethyl maltol in food samples by using chemometrics

Ni, Yongnian, Wang, Yong, & Kokot, Serge (2008) Simultaneous kinetic-spectrophotometric determination of maltol and ethyl maltol in food samples by using chemometrics. Food Chemistry, 109(2), pp. 431-438.

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Abstract

A fast and accurate procedure has been researched and developed for the simultaneous determination of maltol and ethyl maltol, based on their reaction with iron(III) in the presence of o-phenanthroline in sulfuric acid medium. This reaction was the basis for an indirect kinetic spectrophotometric method, which followed the development of the pink ferroin product (λmax = 524 nm). The kinetic data were collected in the 370–900 nm range over 0–30 s. The optimized method indicates that individual analytes followed Beer’s law in the concentration range of 4.0–76.0 mg L−1 for both maltol and ethyl maltol. The LOD values of 1.6 mg L−1 for maltol and 1.4 mg L−1 for ethyl maltol agree well with those obtained by the alternative high performance liquid chromatography with ultraviolet detection (HPLC-UV). Three chemometrics methods, principal component regression (PCR), partial least squares (PLS) and principal component analysis–radial basis function–artificial neural networks (PC–RBF–ANN), were used to resolve the measured data with small kinetic differences between the two analytes as reflected by the development of the pink ferroin product. All three performed satisfactorily in the case of the synthetic verification samples, and in their application for the prediction of the analytes in several food products. The figures of merit for the analytes based on the multivariate models agreed well with those from the alternative HPLC-UV method involving the same samples.

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ID Code: 29042
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
Keywords: Kinetic Determination, Maltol, Ethyl Maltol, Chemometrics, Artificial Neural Networks
DOI: 10.1016/j.foodchem.2007.12.036
ISSN: 0308-8146
Divisions: Past > QUT Faculties & Divisions > Faculty of Science and Technology
Past > Schools > School of Physical & Chemical Sciences
Deposited On: 03 Dec 2009 23:05
Last Modified: 29 Feb 2012 13:43

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