Detecting relay attacks with timing-based protocols

Reid, Jason F., Gonzalez Nieto, Juan M., Tang, Tee, & Senadji, Bouchra (2007) Detecting relay attacks with timing-based protocols. In Bao, Feng & Miller , Steven (Eds.) Proceedings of the 2nd ACM Symposium on Information, Computer and Communications Security, Association for Computing Machinery (ACM), Singapore, pp. 204-213.


Distance-bounding protocols have been proposed as a means of detecting relay attacks, also known as mafia fraud. In this paper we present the first symmetric key based distance-bounding protocol that is also resistant to so-called terrorist fraud, a variant of mafia fraud. Distance-bounding protocols require a communication channel that can exchange single bits with extremely low latency. This unconventional communication requirement has prompted Hancke and Kuhn to assert in a recent publication that ultra wide band (UWB) radio is necessary to achieve a useful distance-bounding resolution for RF security devices (contactless smart cards, RFID tags and the like). We analyse this assertion and present an alternative, novel communication approach that leverages the phenomena of side channel leakage to deliver a low latency channel. Our proposal is capable of detecting sophisticated relay attacks without resorting to the considerable expense and complexity of UWB radio. We present experimental results to support our arguments.

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ID Code: 29145
Item Type: Conference Paper
Additional URLs:
Keywords: distance-bounding protocol, mafia fraud
ISBN: 1595935746
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > INFORMATION AND COMPUTING SCIENCES (080000) > DATA FORMAT (080400) > Data Encryption (080402)
Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > INFORMATION AND COMPUTING SCIENCES (080000) > COMPUTER SOFTWARE (080300) > Computer System Security (080303)
Divisions: Past > QUT Faculties & Divisions > Faculty of Built Environment and Engineering
Past > QUT Faculties & Divisions > Faculty of Science and Technology
Past > Institutes > Information Security Institute
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2007 ACM
Deposited On: 07 Dec 2009 23:21
Last Modified: 29 Feb 2012 13:31

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