The Alcohol Helplessness Scale and its prediction of depression among problem drinkers

Sitharthan, G., Hough, M. J., Sitharthan , T., & Kavanagh, D. J. (2001) The Alcohol Helplessness Scale and its prediction of depression among problem drinkers. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 57(12), pp. 1445-1457.

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Event-specific scales commonly have greater power than generalized scales in prediction of specific disorders and in testing mediator models for predicting such disorders. Therefore, in a preliminary study, a 6-item Alcohol Helplessness Scale was constructed and found to be reliable for a sample of 98 problem drinkers. Hierarchical multiple regression and its derivative path analysis were used to test whether helplessness and self-efficacy moderate or mediate the link between alcohol dependence and depression, A test of a moderation model was not supported, whereas a test of a mediation model was supported. Helplessness and self-efficacy both significantly and independently mediated between alcohol dependence and depression. Nevertheless, a significant direct effect of alcohol dependence on depression also remained.

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9 citations in Scopus
6 citations in Web of Science®
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ID Code: 29182
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
Keywords: Attributional style questionnaire, Learned helplessness, Rheumatoid-arthritis, Hoplessness depression, Dependence, Inventory, Variables, Addiction, Drinking, Index
DOI: 10.1002/jclp.1108
ISSN: 0021-9762
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES (110000) > PUBLIC HEALTH AND HEALTH SERVICES (111700) > Mental Health (111714)
Divisions: Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Faculty of Health
Current > Institutes > Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation
Current > Schools > School of Psychology & Counselling
Deposited On: 09 Dec 2009 01:29
Last Modified: 10 Aug 2011 17:29

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