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Self-efficacy and social support as predictors of smoking after a quit attempt

Kavanagh, David J., Pierce, John, Lo, Sing Kai, & Shelley, Julia (1993) Self-efficacy and social support as predictors of smoking after a quit attempt. Psychology and Health, 8(4), pp. 231-242.

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Abstract

Examined findings (e.g., A. J. Yates and J. Thain [see PA, Vol 73:28269]) that suggest that perceived social support for attempts to quit smoking is a determinant of self-efficacy (SE). 102 adults (aged 18–71 yrs) who participated in a trial of 4 smoking interventions were studied over a 10-mo follow-up period. The study attested to the validity of SE as a predictor of sustained success from an attempt to stop smoking. The tendency for SE theory to be more strongly supported in the longer term was highly consistent with the proposed mechanism for SE effects. The absence of a relationship with perceived social support might be an advantage for SE, since support was a poor predictor of outcomes during follow-up. Results suggest that perceived social influences had less utility than personal skills and SE in predicting sustained non-smoking outcomes.

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18 citations in Web of Science®
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ID Code: 29331
Item Type: Journal Article
Keywords: Smoking, Prediction, Self-efficacy, social support
DOI: 10.1080/08870449308401918
ISSN: 0887-0446
Divisions: Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Faculty of Health
Current > Institutes > Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation
Current > Schools > School of Psychology & Counselling
Deposited On: 16 Dec 2009 13:28
Last Modified: 11 Aug 2011 03:24

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