The on-road difficulties of older drivers and their relationship with self-reported motor vehicle crashes
Wood, Joanne M., Anstey, Kaarin J., Lacherez, Philippe F., Kerr, Graham K., & Mallon, Kerry L. (2009) The on-road difficulties of older drivers and their relationship with self-reported motor vehicle crashes. The Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, 57(11), pp. 2062-2069.
OBJECTIVES: To quantify the driving difficulties of older adults using a detailed assessment of driving performance and to link this with self-reported retrospective and prospective crashes.
DESIGN: Prospective cohort study.
SETTING: On-road driving assessment.
PARTICIPANTS: Two hundred sixty-seven community-living adults aged 70 to 88 randomly recruited through the electoral roll.
MEASUREMENTS: Performance on a standardized measure of driving performance.
RESULTS: Lane positioning, approach, and blind spot monitoring were the most common error types, and errors occurred most frequently in situations involving merging and maneuvering. Drivers reporting more retrospective or prospective crashes made significantly more driving errors. Driver instructor interventions during self-navigation (where the instructor had to brake or take control of the steering to avoid an accident) were significantly associated with higher retrospective and prospective crashes; every instructor intervention almost doubled prospective crash risk.
CONCLUSION: These findings suggest that on-road driving assessment provides useful information on older driver difficulties, with the self-directed component providing the most valuable information.
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|Item Type:||Journal Article|
|Keywords:||Older drivers, Driving errors, Driving assessment, Crashes|
|Divisions:||Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Faculty of Health|
Current > Institutes > Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation
Current > Schools > School of Exercise & Nutrition Sciences
Current > Schools > School of Optometry & Vision Science
|Copyright Owner:||Copyright 2009 The American Geriatrics Society/Wiley Periodicals, Inc.|
|Deposited On:||12 Jan 2010 08:57|
|Last Modified:||01 Mar 2012 12:00|
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